The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a mountain range in the Tien-Shan. The western part of the Ketmen’ Range is located in the USSR while the eastern section lies in China. The range measures approximately 300 km long, and has a maximum elevation of 3,638 m (Mt. Nebesnaia). It is composed of effusive rocks and limestones; in some places there is granite. The summits of the mountains are flat; the slopes are steep and dissected by deep gorges. The lower part of the mountain range is covered with steppe vegetation, while higher up, on the northern slopes, there are spruce forests and meadows.



an ancient hoelike hand tool used in Middle Asia for hoeing and hilling plants and for digging and cleaning irrigation ditches and canals. It has a triangular steel plate with a sharp cutting edge set on a wooden handle.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This taxon is also recorded as a rare endemic species of Kazakhstan, with its natural habitat limited to a small territory covering an area of 10 000 km2 in inter mountain valleys (local name "syrty") at altitudes varying between 1800-2100 meters above sea level in the eastern Tien Shan (Trans-Ili, Kungey and Terskey Alatau, Ketmen ridge).