keto acid

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keto acid

[′kēd·ō ‚as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
A compound that is both an acid and a ketone; an example is β-acetoacetic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Elevated leucine levels cause a precipitate of ketoacids when the compound is mixed with an equal amount of urine.
This suggests the active trans-deamination of amino acids for the incorporation of ketoacids into the Krebs cycle in order to release the energy required for the synthesis of new proteins (Sivaramakrishna and Radhakrishnaiah 1998).
In the cerebrovascular endothelium, monocarboxylic acid transporter 1 (Mct1) controls blood-brain transport of short chain monocarboxylic acids such as L-lactate, acetate, pyruvate, ketone bodies, acetoacetate and [beta]-hydroxybutyrate monocarboxylic and ketoacids to support energy metabolism and play potential role in treating brain diseases (Table 2) [66].
g ketones, glucose, ketoacids, ferric chloride, sulfites and nitrites.
2) Excess production of acids, eg ketoacids formed during starvation, alcohol abuse, or in poorly controlled diabetes; and lactic acid in shock.
Marie Constance Graham from Minera, died at her home from diabetic acidosis - dangerously high sugar levels and ketoacids in the blood.
Other potential anions include ketoacids ([beta]-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate), which are observed in diabetic or alcoholic ketoacidosis, and formic and oxalic acid (observed in methanol and ethylene glycol poisoning, respectively).
The use of ornithine salts of branched-chain ketoacids in portal-systemic encephalopathy.
Alcohol consumption has multiple mechanisms by which it can raise serum urate, including the generation and turnover of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), diuresis and dehydration, the production of lactic and ketoacids, and the content of purines in some alcoholic beverages.
Glucose-deprived cells shift to an alternative form of metabolism that channels huge amounts of ketoacids into the blood (Huether, 2002).