Cetshwayo, Ketchwayo (both: kĕchwīˈō), or Cetewayo (sĕtĭwāˈō, –wīˈō, kĕ–), c.1836–1884, king of the Zulus. Cetshwayo gained ascendancy in 1856, when he defeated in battle and killed his younger brother, who was the favorite of their father, Umpanda. On his father's death in 1872, Cetshwayo took over. He was determined to resist European advances in his territory, and in Dec., 1878, he rejected British demands that he disband his troops. The British attacked in 1879, and they ultimately utterly defeated Cetshwayo at Ulundi. After a period of exile he was reinstated (1883) in rule over part of his former territory. Discredited by his defeats in the eyes of his subjects, Cetshwayo was soon driven out of Zululand to die in exile.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(sometimes incorrectly spelled Cetewayo). Born circa 1828; died Feb. 8, 1884. The last Zulu inKozi (ruler); ruled 1873–79.
Cetshwayo continued the policy of Shaka and Dingaan of strengthening the military organization of the Zulus. During the Zulu War of 1879, which was provoked by the British authorities, Cetshwayo’s troops at first won a number of victories. Subsequently, however, they were smashed, and Cetshwayo was taken prisoner. After becoming inKozi of part of the country again in 1883, Cetshwayo was defeated during an internecine war and deprived of the remnants of his power.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
?1826--84, king of the Zulus (1873--79): defeated the British at Isandhlwana (1879) but was overwhelmed by them at Ulundi (1879); captured, he stated his case in London, and was reinstated as ruler of part of Zululand (1883)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005