Keyboard Instruments


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Keyboard Instruments

 

instruments whose sound is produced by means of keys that are arranged in a particular order, making up the keyboard. According to the means by which the sound is produced, they are divided into percussion (the old clavichord and the modern piano) and plucked (the old harpsichord and its variants) stringed instruments; pneumatic wind instruments (the organ and its variants); reed wind instruments (the harmonium, baian, and accordion); and percussion bar instruments (the glockenspiel and celesta).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The book describes the structure and sound production methods of such diverse keyboard instruments as pianos, harmoniums, melodicas, electronic keyboards, hurdygurdys, organs, pianolas etc.
Valuable new information on the Grabner family of Dresden is supplied in Kerstin Schwarz's lengthy study of the brothers Johann Gottfried and Johann Wilhelm Grabner; a list compiled from contemporary sources shows at least a dozen keyboard instrument makers active in Dresden in the last third of the eighteenth century, when the piano began to supersede the harpsichord in popularity and took on an important role at court.
Contrary to the widely accepted theory on the invention of the piano, Stewart Pollens argues that the striking mechanism that distinguishes the pianoforte from other stringed keyboard instruments was known long before Cristofori, and that what Cristofori achieved was the "rediscovery" of the principle of striking the string and the adaptation of the hammer action to his instrument.
Some will feel that the same pair's performance of another OLYMPIA release, Antonio Soler.' Six Concertos for Two Keyboard Instruments (OCD 636), while technically as good, is not quite as successful.
Also part of the exhibition is the large collection of Finnish keyboard instruments, as well as non-European instruments.
Other products include the Classroom Maestro, a unique electronic blackboard program for displaying musical concepts, and Internet MIDI, a software program that connects MIDI keyboard instruments over the Internet for the purpose of teaching or performing long distance.
ROHM makes music simpler In a related development, following the success of its first keyboard presentation last year, the Royal Opera House Muscat (ROHM) has announced that it will once again present an educational musical event to introduce its audience to its impressive collection of keyboard instruments. There will be two presentations on Saturday.
He was a member of the Montachusett Organ Society and spent many hours playing his various keyboard instruments. He also belonged to a group called the "Alley Cats," which performed locally for many years.
detail aspects of harpsichords produced from 1680 to 1725 from a variety of makers, including several single-manual instruments; stringed keyboard instruments from the workshops of eighteenth-century maker Ferdinand Weber, including harpsichords, spinets, and pianos; and criteria for the determination of original stringing in historical keyboard instruments, to help curators, organologists, and restorers in identification.
Supported by the British Clavichord Society, the event offers anyone who plays or composes for the keyboard the opportunity to learn how to play the most expressive of keyboard instruments. Piano, harpsichord and organ players will all benefit from the day, regardless of their playing level, as the event will focus on what the instruments can teach musicians rather than on polished performance.
This week the Conservatoire's period keyboard instruments are brought to the fore in a programme of 18th and 19th-century music for fortepiano, performed under the direction of the eminent early keyboard specialist David Ward (6pm, details on 0121 303 2323).
A large number of pieces for keyboard instruments have been preserved under Vanhal's name.