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(khä`frä) or


(kĕf`rĕn), fl. 2565 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the IV dynasty, and builder of the second pyramid at Giza. His face is perhaps that represented on the Great Sphinxsphinx
, mythical beast of ancient Egypt, frequently symbolizing the pharaoh as an incarnation of the sun god Ra. The sphinx was represented in sculpture usually in a recumbent position with the head of a man and the body of a lion, although some were constructed with rams'
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. An obscure king, Dedefre, may have come between KhufuKhufu
or Cheops
, fl. c.2680 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the IV dynasty. He was king for 23 years and was famous as the builder of the greatest pyramid at Giza.
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 and Khafre in the dynasty.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Greek, Chephren), Egyptian pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, who ruled in the late 27th or early 26th century B.C. Son or brother of Khufu (Cheops).

Herodotus describes Khafre as the continuator of the despotic policies of Khufu. Khafre’s pyramid in Giza (Gizeh), which at a height of 143.5 m is the second largest pyramid, was connected in antiquity by a covered passageway to a granite temple in the valley, where two diorite statues of Khafre have been found (now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo). The colossal Great Sphinx was carved out of a knoll of rock near Khafre’s pyramid during Khafre’s reign.


Hassan, S. The Sphinx: Its History in the Light of Recent Excavations. Cairo, 1949.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nwi was known as "the purifier of King Khafre", although he was also known as "chief of the great state" and "the overseer of the new settlements".
Khafre, known to the Ancient Greeks as Chephren, built the second of the three famous Pyramids of Giza.
Close by the majestic Sphinx, an enigmatic monument usually associated with king Khafre, stands watch near his valley temple.
Everyone writes Chephren or Khafre, while the exact transcription is given by Antenor Firmin: Kha-f-Ra, Kha-ef-Ra, "he appears in glory (as) Ra";
Stop by and let Robert Terrell expand your horizons at da' House of Khafre, a gallery brimming with art, music, culture, educational workshops, and classes on healthy cooking.
The Pyramid of Khafre, also known as the Pyramid of Chephren, was reopened in October 2012 after 10-year-long renovation work, to strengthen the ailing Egyptian tourism sector.
Bauval's key discovery was that the alignment of the three pyramids (those conventionally known as the pyramids of Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure) mirrors perfectly that of the three stars in the belt of the constellation Orion.
In October Antiquities Minister Muhammad Ibrahim re-opened the Pyramid of Chefren (Khafre) and six ancient tombs at Giza after a long restoration project.
The 446-foot (136m) Pyramid of Chefren, also known as the Pyramid of Khafre, was built around 2520 B.C.
Illustrated with striking full-color photography throughout, Newly-Discovered Statues from Giza 1990-2009 showcases the extraordinary discovery of numerous unique statues from the cemeteries of Egyptian pyramid builders (as well as the causeway of the Khafre, the south pyramid of Menkaure, and Kafr el-Gebel) during the excavations of Dr.
Not only does he seem here to underestimate the distance between the Pharaohs' Egypt and the Christian Middle Ages, he is close to legitimizing the slave labor and the pain imposed on the innumerable and unknown Egyptians forced to build funerary monuments for Cheops, Khafre, and other political leaders.