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Chephren(kĕf`rĕn), fl. 2565 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the IV dynasty, and builder of the second pyramid at Giza. His face is perhaps that represented on the Great Sphinxsphinx
, mythical beast of ancient Egypt, frequently symbolizing the pharaoh as an incarnation of the sun god Ra. The sphinx was represented in sculpture usually in a recumbent position with the head of a man and the body of a lion, although some were constructed with rams'
..... Click the link for more information. . An obscure king, Dedefre, may have come between KhufuKhufu
, fl. c.2680 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the IV dynasty. He was king for 23 years and was famous as the builder of the greatest pyramid at Giza.
..... Click the link for more information. and Khafre in the dynasty.
(Greek, Chephren), Egyptian pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, who ruled in the late 27th or early 26th century B.C. Son or brother of Khufu (Cheops).
Herodotus describes Khafre as the continuator of the despotic policies of Khufu. Khafre’s pyramid in Giza (Gizeh), which at a height of 143.5 m is the second largest pyramid, was connected in antiquity by a covered passageway to a granite temple in the valley, where two diorite statues of Khafre have been found (now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo). The colossal Great Sphinx was carved out of a knoll of rock near Khafre’s pyramid during Khafre’s reign.