Khaikin, Semen

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khaikin, Semen Emmanuilovich


Born Aug. 8 (21), 1901, in Minsk; died July 30, 1968, in Leningrad. Soviet physicist. Doctor of physicomathematical sciences (from 1935). Member of the CPSU from 1942.

Khaikin graduated from Moscow State University in 1928 and worked there from 1930 to 1946, becoming a professor in 1935. From 1945 to 1954 he headed the laboratory of oscillations of the Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Beginning in 1954, he headed the radio astronomical section of the Central Astronomical Observatory of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in Pulkovo. Khaikin made major contributions to the development of the theory of oscillations and theoretical radio engineering. The founder of Soviet experimental radio astronomy, he discovered, in 1947, radio radiation in the solar corona. He invented a new type of radio telescope—the variable-profile antenna. Khaikin also investigated the nature of dry friction.


Teoriia kolebanii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1959. (With A. A. Andronov and A. A. Vitt.)
Mekhanika. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Fizicheskie osnovy mekhaniki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1971.
Sily inertsii i nevesomost’. Moscow, 1967.
“Issledovaniia radioizlucheniia Solntsa Brazil’skoi ekspeditsiei AN SSSR po nabliudeniiu solnechnogo zatmeniia 20 maiia 1947.” Doklady AN SSSR, 1947, vol. 58, no. 9. (With B. M. Chikhachev.)
“Novyi radioteleskop vysokoi razreshaiushchei sily.” Pribory i tekhnika eksperimenta, 1959, no. 2. (With N. L. Kaidanovskii and N. A. Esepkina.)
“Radioteleskop RATAN-600.” Izvestiia Glavnoi astronomicheskoi observatorii v Pulkove, 1972, no. 188. (With others.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.