Khalatnikov, Isaak Markovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khalatnikov, Isaak Markovich


Born Oct. 17, 1919, in Dnepropetrovsk. Soviet theoretical physicist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1972). Member of the CPSU since 1944.

Khalatnikov graduated from the University of Dnepropetrovsk in 1941. From 1945 to 1965 he worked at the Institute of Physical Problems of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1965 he was named director of the Institute of Theoretical Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He has also been a professor at the Moscow Physicotechnical Institute since 1954. Working with L. D. Landau, Khalatnikov originated the theory of quantum fluids and developed it as applied to liquid helium. He is also the author of works on relativistic cosmology that deal with the behavior of the universe in the early stages of its development (with E. M. Lifshits and V. A. Belinskii) and on the foundations of quantum electrodynamics (with A. A. Abrikosov and Landau).

Khalatnikov received the State Prize of the USSR in 1953. He has also been awarded four orders and various medals.


Teoriia sverkhtekuchesti. Moscow, 1971.
“Problemy reliativistskoi kosmologii.” Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk, 1963, vol. 80. (With E. M. Lifshits.)
“On the Quantum Theory of Fields.” Nuovo cimento, 1956. Suppl. al., vol. 3, series 10. (With L. D. Landau and A. A. Abrikosov.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.