Khanaka

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khanaka

 

(also khanega or khonako; in Persian, khangah; in Arabic, takiyah; among Islamic peoples of North Africa, zawi-yah), a Muslim hospice also usually serving as a dwelling for Sufi dervishes and as a center for the propagation of Sufism. The design of the khanaka was derived from the cells of Buddhist and Manichaean hermits. Khanakas eventually consisted of several buildings, sometimes arranged as those in a monastery, including cells, a mosque, a hall for the reading of the Koran, and the tomb of a patron.

Fortified khanakas were erected along caravan routes, for example, the Khanega on the Pirsagat River. Most consist of several structures grouped around a central domed hall or courtyard. Their layout, composition, and ornamentation reflect their geographic location and architectural period. Notable examples include the Khanaka of Faizabad in Bukhara (1598–99) and the Takiyah Sulaymaniyah in Damascus (1554).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Brig Nisar Ahmed Khanaka Nisar Kaka belonged to one of the best Armour outfits in Pakistan Army, the 25th Cavalry(Men of Steel).
Thus we get from khani the term for miner: khanaka. This is the earliest attestation, besides the Arthatastra, I have been able to find for khani.