Kharichkov, Konstantin

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kharichkov, Konstantin Vasil’evich


Born 1865; died Aug. 6, 1921. Russian organic chemist.

After graduating from St. Petersburg University in 1892, Kharichkov worked in Baku and Groznyi. He was a professor at the higher women’s courses in Tbilisi from 1909 to 1914 and at the university in Rostov-on-Don from 1917. Kharichkov’s scientific works are devoted to petrochemistry. Kharichkov proposed a method of processing high-paraffin mazut from petroleum extracted at Groznyi, which resulted in its widespread use as boiler fuel. He also developed a method of separating high-molecular-weight petroleum hydrocarbons by fractional sedimentation, which he called cold petroleum fractionation (1903).


Sergienko, S. R. “Kharichkov Konstantin Vasil’evich.” In Ocherk razvitüa khimii ipererabotki nefti. Moscow, 1955. Pages 283–88.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.