Khartoum Culture

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khartoum Culture


the name for a series of Neolithic cultures of the fourth millennium B.C., named after finds made near Khartoum. The British scholar A. J. Arkell began investigating the Khartoum culture in 1945.

Two chronologically consecutive cultures are distinguished: the Early Khartoum culture and the Rounded Chisels culture. Finds from the Early Khartoum culture include lunates, large end scrapers, grain mortars for crushing the seeds of wild plants, weights for nets, and pottery.

The population, which had negroid features, engaged in hunting, fishing, and gathering; the people of the Rounded Chisels culture also raised small goats. The lunates were supplemented by large axes, chisels with polished blades, javelins, maces, bone harpoons, hooks made from shell, and burnished pottery. The similarity between artifacts of the Khartoum culture and those of the Badarian culture reveals a link between the peoples of Neolithic Sudan and Egypt.


Alimen, H. Doistoricheskaia Afrika. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from French.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Khartoum ,Dec.11 (SUNA) - Khartoum Culture and Tourism Festival is due begin Friday, at 10:00 a.m.
For anybody with the faintest command of Khartoum culture, the name "Ed Alhisain" indicates a status socially incomparable with the high life of Riyadh and Menshia.