a family of Russian ethnographers, followers of the evolutionary school.
Nikolai Nikolaevich Kharuzin. Born 1865; died Mar. 25 (Apr. 7), 1900, in Moscow. In 1898, Kharuzin began teaching a course in ethnography—the first in Russia—at the University of Moscow and at the Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages. From 1886 to 1896 he led expeditions to the Crimea, the Caucasus, Arkhangel’sk and Olonets provinces, the Baltic region, and Siberia. He systematized the ethnographic materials on Russia collected during the 18th and 19th centuries. His monograph The Russian Lapps (1890) is an example of the method that Kharuzin used—namely, the composite study of ethnographic data and of data from related disciplines. His most important works are on common law, family and tribal development, religious beliefs, and the history of human dwellings. Kharuzin’s lecture course was published in Ethnography (fases. 1–4, 1901–05).
Vera Nikolaevna Kharuzina. Born Sept. 17 (29), 1866, in Moscow; died May 17, 1931. The first woman in Russia to be appointed professor of ethnography. From 1907 to 1923, Kharuzina taught ethnography courses in Moscow, first at the Higher Courses for Women and Archaeological Institute, then at the university. With her brother N. N. Kharuzin, she did field work in Arkhangel’sk and Olonets provinces, the Altai, the Barabinskaia Steppe, the Baltic region, the Crimea, and the Caucasus. In her methodology, Kharuzina combined evolutionism with historical and geographical research. Her principal works are on religious beliefs and folklore; she wrote the textbook Introduction to Ethnography (1941).
Aleksei Nikolaevich Kharuzin. Born Feb. 29 (Mar. 12), 1864, in Moscow; died 1933. Known for his ethnographic, archaeological, and anthropological studies of the southern Slavs and the peoples of the Caucasus, the Crimea, and Kazakhstan.
Mikhail Nikolaevich Kharuzin. Born June 4 (16), 1860, in Moscow; died Sept. 25 (Oct. 7), 1888, in Tallinn; buried in Moscow. Known primarily for his research work on common law among the peoples of Russia.