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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a lake in the southeastern part of Primor’e Krai, RSFSR, near Pos’et Bay, on the border with the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea. The waters of Lake Khasan, which has an area of 2.23 sq km, flow into the Tanbogatyi River.

From July 29 to Aug. 11, 1938, the lake was the scene of an armed conflict between the Soviet Union and Japan, unleashed by the Japanese militarists. In July 1938 the Japanese command concentrated near the Soviet border at Lake Khasan three infantry divisions, a mechanized brigade, a cavalry regiment, three machine-gun battalions, and about 70 airplanes. On July 29, the Japanese troops suddenly invaded the USSR at Bezymiannaia Height but were quickly repulsed. However, on July 31, the numerically superior Japanese forces captured the tactically important Zaozernaia and Bezymiannaia heights. In order to rout the Japanese troops that had invaded the USSR, the Soviet command called in the reinforced 39th Corps, comprising the 32nd and 40th infantry divisions, and the 2nd Mechanized Brigade. Combat actions were directed by Corps Commander G. M. Shtern, chief of staff of the Far East Front; the front was under the overall command of Marshal of the Soviet Union V. K. Bliukher.

On August 2 and 3, attempts to drive the enemy from the heights using only the forces of the 40th Division proved unsuccessful. In the course of these two days, more than 15,000 men, 1,014 machine guns, 237 guns, and 285 tanks were concentrated in the combat area. On August 6, units of the 32nd and 40th divisions, supported by tanks and 250 aircraft, passed to the offensive. On August 9, Soviet territory was completely cleared of the Japanese aggressors. Several Japanese attacks were repulsed on August 10, and on August 11, combat operations ceased at the request of the Japanese government.

The battle at Lake Khasan was the first time since the Civil War that the Soviet Army had engaged in combat with an experienced imperialist regular army. The Soviet troops gained experience in the use of air and tank support and in the organization of artillery support for an offensive.

For their heroism and courage, the 40th Infantry Division was awarded the Order of Lenin and the 32nd Infantry Division and the Pos’et Frontier Unit were awarded orders of the Red Banner. Twenty-six men received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, and 6,500 were awarded various orders and medals.


Istoriia Vtoroi mirovoi voiny, 1939–1945, vol. 2. Moscow, 1974.
Ezhakov, V. I. Geroi Khasana. Moscow, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He passed Russia's border railway station in Khasan on Wednesday morning on his way to the Russian Federation.
Kim earlier struck an upbeat tone and praised the Russian president when his train crossed the border at Khasan on Wednesday, saying: "I have heard a lot of good things about your country and wanted to visit it for a long time.
After entering Russia, Kim stopped at the Khasan station where he was welcomed in the Russian tradition by being presented with flowers as well as bread and salt, reported TASS.
En route to Vladivostok, Kim's train stopped at Khasan near the border between the two countries at around 9:40 a.m.
Yet, as Perovic shows, the equally "doomed" resistance of Khasan Israilov in the 1940s would be condemned to popular oblivion, without a folk song or epic written in his honor (Perovic, Eng.
The fact that even 40 years after Camp David, the Palestinians have not succeeded in achieving statehood, while the Golan Heights remain firmly in Israeli hands, attests to Sadat's understanding of the sad reality of geopolitics in the Middle East that has only got worse since then," Khasan told Gulf News .
The Donghae Line is prioritized by the Seoul government as it would be crucial to connect with the Trans-Siberia Railway, to which sections between Rajin of North Korea and Khasan of Russia have already been connected as of 2014.
Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov, who identified the suspect as Khasan Azimov, said France bore responsibility for the attack.
Prof Khasan S Karimov, who has made tremendous contribution to initiation of this project, said that the two universities were expected to launch more research projects soon.
In 2013 Russia reopened a railway link with North Korea, from the Russian eastern border town of Khasan, to export coal and import goods from South Korea.
To clinch the bronze, Toma defeated his Italian rival having already lost narrowly in the semi-finals to Russia's Khasan Khalmurzaev.