Khatanga


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Khatanga

(khətän`gə), river, Krasnoyarsk Territory, N central Siberian Russia, formed by the union of the Kotui and the Kheta rivers. From the Kotui it is c.715 mi (1,150 km) long and flows north through the central Siberian Plateau past Khatanga village and NE into the Khatanga Gulf of the Laptev Sea, forming the southeastern border of the Taymyr peninsula. The river is navigable.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khatanga

 

a river in Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) Autonomous Okrug, Krasnoiarsk Krai, RSFSR. The Khatanga River, which is formed by the confluence of the Kotui and Kheta rivers, is 227 km long and drains an area of 364,000 sq km. It empties into the Khatanga Gulf of the Laptev Sea and forms an estuary. The river flows through a broad valley in the Northern Siberian Lowland and forks into branches. In the lower course the valley is as wide as 5 km, and there are many large islands in the channel.

The area drained by the Khatanga River includes about 112,000 lakes, with a total area of 11,600 sq km (3.2 percent of the river is lakes). The density of the river network is 0.45 km per sq km. The river is fed chiefly by snow. High water occurs from late May through August. The water level of the river varies up to 8.5 m over the course of the year; in the lower course there are tides in the low water. The mean flow rate is 3,320 cu m/sec, with a maximum of 18,300 cu m/sec.

The river freezes in late September or early October and thaws in early June. The principal right tributaries are the Nizhniaia, Bludnaia, and Popigai rivers; the principal left tributaries are the Novaia and Malaia Balakhnia. The Khatanga River is rich in fish; commercial catches include least cisco, arctic cisco, muksun, nelma, Hucho, and loach. The river is navigable; the Khatanga landing is located on the river.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Taking into consideration the large-scale seismic operations carried out in the strategic regions of presence (the Pechora Sea, Sakhalin Island, the Black Sea region of the Caucasus, the Khatanga cluster, the Ural-Volga region, Yakutia), the Company continues to process and interpret the previously obtained significant amount of seismic data, the results of which will be used for exploration and appraisal drilling.
The original plan envisaged seven separate detachments: one was to sail from Arkhangelsk to the mouth of the Ob'; a second from the mouth of the Ob' to that of the Yenisey; a third from the mouth of the Yenisey eastwards around the Taymyr Peninsula; a fourth from the mouth of the Lena west to the mouth of the Khatanga and around the Taymyr Peninsula until it met the detachment coming the other way; a fifth from the mouth of the Lena eastwards to Bering Strait and south to Kamchatka; a sixth from Okhotsk south to the Kuril Islands and Japan; and a seventh from Kamchatka across the North Pacific until it found the American coast.
Two orthobunyaviruses reported on in this issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases are Inkoo virus and Chatanga virus (named for the towns of Inkoo, Finland, and Khatanga, Russia, respectively, where they were first isolated).
They are: Alykel, Besovets, Khatanga, Kogalym, Kotelny Island, Mirny, Severomorsk (Murmansk), Olenya (Olenegorsk), Raduzhny, Salekhard, Surgut, Syktyvkar, Tiksi, Dresba airbase at Pevek, Petrozavodsk, Ugolny and Yakutsk.
The twoSubhas Tantubai and Tarit Bandyopadhyayof Galudi and Khatanga villages in the backward district have refused to accept the cheques issued by the West Bengal government which, Tantubai said, came after a long wait and false job promises, Zeenews reported.
She flies to Khatanga today and home, to be reunited with her family and friends.
Yesterday she was stuck in Krasnoyarsk, between Moscow and the coastal town of Khatanga from where she will make preparations.
An Ilyushin-18 aircraft that crashed in the Yaroslavl region north of Moscow, Russia on 20 November was privately owned by Khatanga businessman, Oleg Kucherenko.
So about a year ago, professional and amateur paleontologists, a Discovery Channel film crew, and a few journalists--including Stone, Science's European news editor--journeyed to Khatanga, a mining town in Siberia, where a frozen mammoth was being held in cold storage.
The eastern Tamyr Peninsula contains the world's most northerly forests: larch forests in the basin of the Khatanga River, at 72[degrees]23' N.
Located under 4.57 metres of concrete-like permafrost, the specimen, still encased in ice, was cut out of the ground, airlifted by helicopter, and flown 322 kilometres to the neighbouring town of Khatanga, where it was placed in an ice cave for future study.