Now the new technology can be tested in the Poi Kalan complex Gaukushon, Kukeldash, Nodir Devonbegi madrasas Toqi Sarrofon, Toki Telpakfurushon, Toki Zargaron domed bazaars at the Lyab-i Khauz
square, at the monument to Nasreddin Afandi in the Samanid Mausoleum Arch Citadel and the Jewish Synagogue.
The Ottoman use of the At Maydan [Hippodrome] in Istanbul from the 1453 conquest, together with other urban spaces for official processions, festivities, and performances--as also occurred in Mamluke Cairo, on the Liabi Khauz
at Bukhara, on the Registan at Samarkand, and Shah Abbas' Royal Maydan constructed at Isfahan in the late sixteenth-early seventeenth centuries--clearly indicate public spaces, including squares and processional routes, had formed an integral part of Islamic cities for centuries prior to the nineteenth-century French imperial example.
The city centre is small and there is a definite air of fragility about the environs of the old khauz
, a stone bathing pond where the locals sit to relax and drink tea.