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the adherents of a Muslim sect. The Kharijite movement arose during a period of intense struggle for power within the caliphate—specifically, in A.D. 657, when some of the caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib’s soldiers (the descendants of nomadic Arab tribesmen) rebelled against the nobility’s increasing political dominance and its seizure of communal Muslim lands. These soldiers became known as Kharijis, or Kharijites. Although Ali broke up their movement in 658, their ranks continued to be replenished, mainly by members of the lower classes, including both Muslims from the Arab tribes and non-Arab converts to Islam. There were incessant Kharijite uprisings in the Basra and Kufa regions from 660 to 681.

The Kharijites called for equality among all Muslims, the preservation of communal land ownership, and the election of the caliph by the community; the community would have the right to depose the caliph, and any true Muslim was to be considered eligible to fill the office. As the result of a schism in 684, the Kharijites broke up into various subsects in the late seventh century—the Ibadiyah, or Ibadites, the Azariqah, and the Sufrites. While the Ibadites shunned armed struggle, rebellions by the Azariqites (and, beginning in 695, by the Sufrites) continued in Iraq and in Khuzestan until 697.

Increasing feudal oppression in the eighth century provoked uprisings by the Ibadites in southern Arabia and by other Kharijite sects in Persia and Iraq. In the mid-eighth century the Kharijite movement spread to the tribes of North Africa, leading to uprisings in Morocco and Ifriqiya (northeastern Africa); the various imamates founded by the Kharijites in North Africa, such as the Rustamid imamate in Tahart (modern Tiaret) and the imamate of Sijilmassa, were destroyed by the Fatimids in 909.

Members of the Ibadite branch of the Kharijites live in modern Oman, in several North African states, and in some of the other Arab countries.


Beliaev, E. A. Musul’manskoe sektantstvo. Moscow, 1957.
Churakov, M. V. “Kharidzhitskie vosstaniia v Magribe.” In the collection Palestinskii sbornik, fase. 7(70). Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
Petrushevskii, I. P. Islam v Irane v VII-XV vv. Leningrad, 1966. (Bibliography.)


References in periodicals archive ?
It is abundantly clear that whenever the groups or the individuals tried to misuse the concept of jihad, they were known to be Khawarij and were eliminated.
On this note, the city of Amman was chosen as the capital of Islamic culture in 2017, given the great role played by Jordan, under your Majesty's guidance and leadership, in highlighting the tolerant image of Islam and standing up in the face of challenges and the practices which the Khawarij have carried out in recent history, in the name of Islam.
This is a clear-cut order from me to our brotherly soldiers of Al-Qaeda in the Levant, to cooperate with your sincere Mujahid brothers--those who agree with you as well as those who disagree with you--for the sake of Jihad and fighting the Baathists, Safavid Rawafidh, Crusaders and the khawarij.
Not just them, you will not even be able to deal with these khawarij, who have been readied for you only.
11 announcing that it "Targeted (Omar) Al-Baghdadi's khawarij (outsiders) on Oct.
Gomaa claimed the Khawarij, was exterminated 1,000 years ago by a tribe now in control of the UAE, and predicted the same would happen again.
It is the time that they should choose that whether they are Afghans and have been grown by an Afghan mother or they are a tool of Khawarij (members of an evil group that appeared in the first century of Islam) for creating divisions (among the people of Afghanistan),' he said.
Beginning in Mesopotamia about 30 years after the death of The Prophet, Islamic sectarians known to most as the Khawarij (Anglicized as Kharijites) but calling themselves shurat (exchangers), rose up against Ali b.
Par exemple, il existe de nombreuses interpretations de l'islam par un groupe dissident nomme Khawarij (les heretiques), qui sont generalement ignores et meprises par la majorite.
Maybe it would have gone beyond the scope of this book but a broader take on the khawarij term as considered by ISIS, would have been very interesting.
Muslims are fighting a war within Islam against the outlaws of Islam, the Khawarij.
Meanwhile, the main pro-government clerical authority, Sudan Religious Scholars Committee (RSC) has likened ISIS to the Khawarij and described it as a faulty protest movement.