Barbarossa

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Barbarossa

(bär'bərŏs`ə) [Ital.,=red-beard], surname of the Turkish corsair Khayr ad-Din (c.1483–1546). Barbarossa and his brother Aruj, having seized (1518) Algiers from the Spanish, placed Algeria under Turkish suzerainty. He extended his conquests to the rest of the Barbary States. Between 1533 and 1544, as admiral of the Turkish fleet under Sulayman ISulayman I
or Sulayman the Magnificent,
1494–1566, Ottoman sultan (1520–66), son and successor of Selim I. He is known as Sulayman II when considered as a successor of King Solomon of the Bible and Qur'an.
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, he twice defeated Andrea DoriaDoria, Andrea
, b. 1466 or 1468, d. 1560, Italian admiral and statesman, of an ancient family prominent in the history of Genoa. He started his career as a condottiere and in the Italian Wars fought for Francis I of France.
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 and ravaged the coasts of Greece, Spain, and Italy. His able son Hasan (d. 1572) succeeded him in Algeria.

Bibliography

See biography by E. D. S. Bradford (1969).

Barbarossa

disastrous invasion of Russia; sealed Nazi fate (1941–1943). [Eur. Hist.: Hitler, 888–921, 922–955]

Barbarossa

1. the nickname of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I
2. real name Khair ed-Din. c 1465--1546, Turkish pirate and admiral: conquered Tunis for the Ottomans (1534)
References in periodicals archive ?
See for example Khayr al-Din al-Ramli, al-Fatawa al-khayriyya li-naf' al-barriyya 'ala al-imam al-a'zam Abi Hanifa (Beirut, 1974, 2nd edition), 1: 36-57; Hamid al-'Imadi, al-'Uqud al-durriyya fi tanqih al-fatawa al-hamidiyya, ed.
16561 (Damascus ed., 12: 157); Khayr al-Din Zirikli, al-A'lam: Qamus tarajim li-ashhar al-rijal wa-l-nise min al-'arab wa-l-mustdribin wa-l-mustashriqin.
Something of the sort took place in Arab Africa, and particularly in Tunisia, in the writings of the Westernized semi-secular state official Khayr al-Din al-Tunisi (1823-1889) and others.