Mikhail Kheraskov

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Kheraskov, Mikhail Matveevich

 

Born Oct. 25 (Nov. 5), 1733, in Pereiaslav, in what is now Poltava Oblast; died Sept. 27 (Oct. 9), 1807, in Moscow. Russian writer.

Kheraskov graduated from the Land Forces Gentry Cadet Corps in St. Petersburg in 1751. He published the journal Poleznoe uveselenie in 1760–62 and the journal Svobodnye chasy in 1763. Between 1763 and 1802, Kheraskov served intermittently as director and then curator of Moscow University.

Kheraskov was an important figure in Russian classicism. His work shows a movement toward sentimentalism. He wrote epic poems, the most significant of which is the Rossiad (1779), which recounts Ivan IV’s conquest of the Kazan Khanate. Kheraskov’s best dramatic work is the tragedy The Venetian Nun (1758). Numa Pompilius, or Flourishing Rome (1768) is an example of his philosophical, moralizing novels, wordy and replete with verbal ornamentation. Kheraskov’s lyric poetry, written in various genres, is meditative and advocates moderation and a quiet life in commune with nature.

WORKS

Izbr. proizv. [Introductory article by A. V. Zapadov.] Leningrad, 1961.

REFERENCES

Sokolov, A. N. Ocherki po istorii russkoi poemy XVIII i pervoi pol. XIX v. Moscow, 1955. Pages 144–87.
Pastushenko, L. M. “Istoricheskaia osnova tragedii M. M. Kheraskova Venetsianskaia monakhinia.” In the collection Problemy izucheniia russkoi literatury XVIII v. Leningrad, 1974.

M. G. AL’SHULER

References in periodicals archive ?
Kheraskov S.G., Composition, Properties and Nutritive Value of Camels Milk.
Kheraskov, S.G Camels Milk-A Valuable Food Product Konevod kony Sport 35:14-15 (1965)
Similarly, in analyzing Numa Pompilii, ili Protsvetaiushchii Rim (Numa Pompilius, or Flourishing Rome; 1768), both authors highlight Kheraskov's presentation of Catherine as the ideal, wise "philosopher-ruler" in the utopian (and Masonic) paradigm.
In "Retreat from Society" a subchapter of "Civic Society" Wirtschafter points out that Sumarokov's The Hermit (1769), Kheraskov's The Persecuted (1775), and L.
Kheraskov's play Venetsianskaia monakhinia ('The Nun from Venice', 1758) was written for the Moscow stage.
Kheraskov, 'Kak eto proizoshlo vo Frantsii', Rossiia i emigratsiia, (Paris: 'Les Independants', 1947), 10-14; A.
The son of a Walachian noble who had settled in Russia, Kheraskov became director of Moscow University in 1763.
By contrast, some of Zimin's juxtapositions of certain literary features of the Slovo with those of other 18th-century works, such as the Rossiiada of Mikhail Matveevich Kheraskov (1733-1807), seem quite reasonable, although I hesitate to accept his reasoning in explaining their differences: "All these differences had their roots in the difference between the Weltanschauung of Kheraskov, who was expressing the ideas of the liberal gentry, and that of the author of the Slavo, with his democratic notions.
In fact (depending, ofcourse, on what one considers to have been a "manuscript" of the text), both Ivan Perfil'evich Elagin (1725-93) and Kheraskov seem to have referred to the text itself before it appeared in print.