Khiabani, Muhammad

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khiabani, Muhammad


Born 1880 in Khamneh, near Tabriz; died Sept. 14, 1920. in Tabriz. Sheikh; leader of the Tabriz Uprising of 1920.

The son of a merchant, Khiabani received a religious education. He took part in the Iranian Revolution of 1905–11 and was a deputy to the second Majlis (1909–11) as a representative of Iranian Azerbaijan. Khiabani was a member of the Democratic Party. During the Tabriz Uprising of 1920 he headed the National Government of Iranian Azerbaijan. While the uprising was being suppressed by government troops, Khiabani was killed.


Tagieva, Sh. A. Natsional’no-osvoboditel’noe dvizhenie v Iranskom Azerbaidzhane v 1917–1920gg. Baku, 1956.
Ivanova, M. N. Natsional’ no-osvoboditel’ noe dvizhenie v Irane v 1918–1922 gg. Moscow, 1961.
Azeri Ali. Giyam-e sheikh Muhammad Khiabani dar Tebriz. (The Uprising of Sheikh Muhammad Khiabani in Tabriz.) Tehran, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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