a preserve located on the left bank of the Amur, between the Urilo and Mutnaia rivers. The Khingan is bounded on the north by the main line of the Trans-Siberian Railroad. It covers an area of 58,900 hectares (1976). The Khingan Preserve was created in 1964 to preserve the natural landscapes of the central Amur region. The southern part adjacent to the Amur is occupied by grassy swampy meadows, the central and northern parts by spurs of the Malyi Khingan.
Forests of Mongolian oak, dahurian birch, and Asiatic white birch predominate in the preserve, and dahurian fir is common in the mountains. Korean pine, Yeddo spruce, dahurian larch, the linden Tilia amurensis, Manchurian ash, the maples Acer microphyllum and A. tegmentosum, Eleutherococcus senticosus, actinidia, grape, and Chinese magnolia vine are also found.
Animals commonly found are representatives of Amur and taiga fauna: Manchurian red deer, elk, roe deer, wild boar, Eurasian brown bear and Asiatic black bear, lynx, sable, Siberian weasel, yellow-throated marten, raccoon dog, the hare Caprolagus brachyurus, Asiatic chipmunk, hazel hen, nutcracker, azure-winged magpie, Elaphe dione, E. schrenki, and Siberian frog.
REFERENCESZapovedniki Sovetskogo Soiuza. Moscow, 1969.
Bannikov, A. G. Po zapovednikam Sovetskogo Soiuza, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1974.