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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the language of the Khitans who, in ancient times, were nomads in the territories of the present-day Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region and the Mongolian People’s Republic. Khitan is presumably related to the Mongolian language group. It is represented by inscriptions of the Khitan Liao Empire (tenth to 12th centuries), which were written in a special Khitan script known as “large” (as yet unstudied) and “small.” Graphically similar to Chinese, the “small” Khitan writing was not, however, hieroglyphic, but rather syllabic, with the symbols joined together in separate units to form a word.


Predvaritel’noe soobshchenie o deshifrovke kidan’skogo pis’ma. Moscow, 1964. (With an article of the same title by V. S. Starikov and V. M. Nadeliaev.)
Tamura, J., and Y. Kobayashi. Tombs and Mural Paintings of Ch’ing-Ling Liao Imperial Mausoleums of 11th Century A.D. in Eastern Mongolia. vols. 1–2. Kyoto, 1952–53.
Menges, K. “Titles and Organizational Terms of the Qytań (Liao) and Qara-Qitaj (ši-Liao).” Rocznik orientalistyczny, 1953, vol. 17.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This applies to the first two characters cited above, and numerous other examples, especially those used to replace characters with many strokes such as shou [phrase omitted], "longevity"; ling [phrase omitted], "daemon, spirit"; and shuang [phrase omitted], "couple, duo." (25) It is worth noting the role played by the "reduced-stroke characters" (Jianzi [phrase omitted]) in the development of the Khitan and Jurchen scripts.
Why not just get rid of the people and use it as grazing land?' The Khitan official Yelu Chucai [phrase omitted] (1190-1244) argues that the Chinese could be useful; one just had to know how to tax them effectively.
Saadawi asked her father why it was done to her and her father told her that this was Khitan, (female circumcision) (22), a tradition given to the faithful by the Prophet of God.
In our English translation of the vignettes, and in our presentation of many of the study results, we use the term "circumcision"--the most direct translation of a widely used local word (khitan) for FGC (12)--to more accurately reflect the questions we asked and the responses women gave.
In any case, the Chinese and their enemies (such as the Khitan, the Jurchens, and the Mongols) were using iron ammunition well before European even had guns.
The tragedy occurred after a fire broke out in the apartment of the Egyptian family in the Khitan area, local news site Al Aan reported on Tuesday.
The MPs agreed on a bill on transferring the ownership of blocks 3 and 4 in southern Khitan district from the Ministry of Finance to the Public Authority for Housing Welfare and appraising block 10 in Khitan.
The Khitan collections from Feizy blend tribal-inspired designs and hand carving with the lustrous sheen of bamboo viscose.
Khitan noted incidents in which it appeared Nusra fighters had captured the weapons from their intended recipients during clashes.
Based on a Chinese legend from the Song dynasty about seven brothers who fought Khitan invaders to rescue their father, "Saving General Yang" reps a curious cross between brawny machismo and sexy eye-candy.
Official documents began to address the Liao as the "Great Khitan state" (da qidan guo) or the "Northern Court" (beichao) rather than the "Northern Barbarians" (beilu) (Wright 1998, 32-33).
the Khitan [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], non-Sinitic etymology] Empire (916~1218) in far north-east China; the Da-Li [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (da-li/dai-ly), 'great jade-managing'] Kingdom (937~1253) in far south-west China.