Khitrin, Lev Nikolaevich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khitrin, Lev Nikolaevich


Born Feb. 7 (20), 1907, in Samarkand; died Jan. 15, 1965, in Moscow. Soviet thermal physicist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1953).

Khitrin graduated from Moscow State University in 1930. He was a member of the staff of the All-Union Heat Engineering Institute from 1931 to 1941. He joined the faculty of Moscow State University in 1936, becoming a professor at the university in 1953. In 1945 he joined the staff of the Institute of Power Engineering of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

Khitrin’s main works dealt with the physics of combustion processes. Khitrin analyzed the effect of temperature and other physical parameters on the intensity of combustion, clarified the role of secondary reactions, and developed methods for determining the coefficients of reaction gas exchange. He examined the mechanism of flame stabilization and developed principles for the theory and analysis of flameless combustion. Khitrin took part in an investigation of carbon combustion (The Combustion of Carbon, 1949, with others; State Prize of the USSR, 1950).

Khitrin was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and various medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.