Velimir Khlebnikov

(redirected from Khlebnikov)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khlebnikov, Velimir

 

(real name, Viktor Vladimirovich Khlebnikov). Born Oct. 28 (Nov. 9), 1885, in the village of Malye Derbety, Astrakhan Province; died June 28, 1922, in the village of Santalovo, Novgorod Province. Soviet Russian poet.

Khlebnikov, the son of a biologist, studied between 1903 and 1911 in the department of physics and mathematics at the University of Kazan and later in the department of physics and mathematics and the department of history and philology at the University of St. Petersburg. He began to publish scholarly works on the natural sciences in 1905 and literary works in 1908.

During the 1910’s, Khlebnikov belonged to the Gileia literary society and contributed to futurist publications. His literary works were issued in separate collections entitled Selected Works and Works (both 1914). After the October Revolution of 1917, Khlebnikov worked for the Russian Telegraph Agency (ROSTA) and the Glavpolitprosvet and published his writings in various periodicals. Most of his works were not published during his lifetime.

Many of Khlebnikov’s early minor works were purely experimental. His first works employed devices of romanticism, such as the grotesque and apocalyptic, folkloric, and mythological images of reality; typical examples are “The Crane,” “The Marquise Désesse,” and “The Shaman and Venus.” Khlebnikov evolved as an accomplished realist with his mature prose works, such as October on the Neva and Razin, and monumental narrative poems about World War I and the October Revolution, for example, The War in a Mousetrap (1915–19), Ladomir (1921), A Night in the Trench (1921), Night Search (1921), and The Night Before the Soviets (1921).

Khlebnikov attempted to prove mathematically the possibility of realizing the dream of man’s universal brotherhood, as well as his own poetic presentiments of a new cosmic consciousness. He also attempted a mathematical explanation of the laws of time. Such themes are typical of his The Teacher and the Pupil (1912), Time Is the Measure of the World (1916), and The Boards of Fate (1922). Striving for a synthesis of all knowledge and a reconciliation of science and art, Khlebnikov held the Utopian belief that it would thus be possible to create a “new mythology” and a “superlanguage” for the free man of the future.

V. V. Mayakovsky called Khlebnikov a “master of verse” and recognized the great significance of his experiments for the creation of a new poetic language.

WORKS

Sobr. proizv., vols. 1–5. Leningrad, 1928–33. (Introductory article by Iu. Tynianov and N. Stepanov.)
Neizdannye proizvedeniia. Moscow, 1940. (Edited and with commentaries by N. Khardzhiev and T. Grits.)

REFERENCES

Pertsov, V. “O Vladimire Khlebnikove.” Voprosy literatury, 1966, no. 7.
Khardzhiev, N. “Maiakovskii i Khlebnikov.” In N. Khardzhiev and V. Trenin, Poeticheskaia kul’tura Maiakovskogo. Moscow, 1970.
Stepanov, N. Velimir Khlebnikov: Zhizn i tvorchestvo. Moscow, 1975.
Duganov, R. V. “Kratkoe ’iskusstvo poezii’ Khlebnikova.” Izv. AN SSSR: OLIa, 1974, vol. 33, no. 5.
Duganov, R. V. “Problema epicheskogo v estetike i poetike Khlebnikova.” Izv. AN SSSR: OLIa, 1976, vol. 35, no. 5.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Shocked onlookers, including children, saw Deonisy Khlebnikov, 22, and Gatis Lagzdins, 29, munch on the animals - which still had fur.
Deonisy Khlebnikov, 22, and Gatis Lagzdins, 29, chowed down on the uncooked critters at the Soho Vegan Food Market inRupert Street on March 30.
Survivor Dmitry Khlebnikov said: "I thank God - and the stewardesses who saved me."
They helped people out of there, helped them to descend," Dmity Khlebnikov said, according to Komsomolskaya Pravda.
Besides he identifies the characteristics of ostranenie in a hypertext designwhich he has created by navigating from Dostoevsky to Tolstoy, from Cervantes to Dickens, from Andersen to Pushkin, from Khlebnikov to Bakhtin and he determines it as "The world of ostranenie is the world of the revolution" (Shklovski, cited in Berlina, 2017: 297).The starting point of ostranenie was Literature and especially work of Tolstoy.Thus, "It is from literature that writers learn to write.
However, Saudi Arabia could view financial support to Damascus as an effective antidote against long-term Iranian hegemony in Syria, according to Alexey Khlebnikov, an expert on the Middle East at the Russian International Affairs Council.
(7) Thus, for instance, we find Kharms publicly extolling the opening stanza of Pushkin's "Winter Journey" ("Zimniaia doroga," 1826) as an example of aesthetic perfection in 1935; (8) Nikolai Zabolotsky placing Pushkin beside Velimir Khlebnikov in "Yesterday Meditating on Death" ("Vchera, o smerti razmysh.li.aia," 1936), one of his many poems that draw on the imagery and lexicon of the classic elegy; (9) and Vvedensky reading V.
(Might Tolkien have been in direct correspondence with a leading exponent of Japhetic theory in the West?) In this new context, Tolkien's Black Speech can be seen to constitute part of a wider, and rather belated, Western response to a theory that embodied the linguistic energy of the Transcaucasus, an expression of the same revolutionary fervor that had inspired Velimir Khlebnikov and Aleksei Kruchenykh to write their Futurist opera Victory Over the Sun (1913) in what they termed Zaum: "a universal poetic language, born organically, and not artificially, like Esperanto" (Kruchenykh 182).
Khlebnikov. A brigade of builders erected a living hut and a store hut on Mys Olovyanniy, a small rocky cape projecting from under the ice cap that covers most of Ostrov Oktyabr'skoy Revolyutsii.
The Portrait section is devoting a retrospective to the work of Russian master director Boris Khlebnikov, while former Berlinale shooting star Mateusz KoEcentsciukiewicz, who is also a member of this year's competition jury, will be presenting the opening film, MUG, in which he plays the lead.