Following the March 1970 coup against Sihanouk and the proclamation of the Khmer Republic
in October the same year, some politically symbolic initiatives were taken by the new authorities.
The Khmer Republic
's leadership was plagued by disunity among its members, the problems of transforming a 30,000-man army into a national combat force of more than 200,000 men, and spreading corruption.
Townsend, Area handbook for the Khmer Republic
(Cambodia) (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1973).
He asserts that the party ordered the liquidation of thousands of members of the political and military elites of the Khmer Republic
in 1975 because they were "thoroughly tainted by imperialism".
The prime minister did not mention any state by name, referring only to the 'greatest power country' and democratic nations that supported Lon Nol's 1970 coup that removed the late King Father Norodom Sihanouk as Cambodian head of state and installed the US-backed Khmer Republic
of 1970 to 1975.
The first of these, for the purpose of this article, will be identified as the Sangkum Reastr Niyum (People's Socialist Community) or simply the Sangkum, because this mass political movement created by Prince Sihanouk in 1955 is more alive as an entity in popular memory than the official Kingdom of Cambodia, which governed the country constitutionally from 1947 until the coup d'etat of 18 March 1970 delivered the Khmer Republic
. Five years of bitter civil war sparked by the coup gave victory to the radical social revolutionaries who ruled over Democratic Kampuchea until they were driven out in January 1979 by members of a more moderate, Vietnam-backed faction of the original Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK) which created the People's Republic of Kampuchea (PRK).
For the genocide charges, the trial chamber focused on acts carried out against the Cham and ethnic Vietnamese, and against Buddhists and former civil servants of the previous Khmer Republic
The Cambodian monarchy was re-established in 1993, decades after a coup toppled the late King Father Norodom Sihanouk in 1970, led by the US-backed Lon Nol which created the Khmer Republic
Many officials in the Khmer Republic
government, including Lon Nol, met Sarin to hear about his time with the Khmer Rouge.
Chhang Sung, the former Ministry of Information official during the Khmer Republic
and a friend of Chanmul, described Chanmul as the most honest man he had ever met.
She took up teaching classical dance at the Royal University of Fine Arts (RUFA) when she was 34 years old, just prior to the fall of the Khmer Republic