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Related to Khmers: Khmer people
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Cambodians), a nation, the main population of Cambodia. Population, more than 6 million in Cambodia (1970, estimate); in addition, there are more than 600,000 Khmers living in South Vietnam and more than 350,000 in Thailand. They speak Khmer (Cambodian). Their religion is Hinayana Buddhism.

The Khmer nationality formed at the beginning of the Common Era when numerous Khmer tribes, probably the indigenous inhabitants of southern Indochina, unified with neighboring Indonesian tribes, under the influence of the higher cultures of neighboring countries, especially India. The Highland Khmer tribes inhabiting almost inaccessible localities remained unaffected. Anthropologically, the Khmers belong to the southern Mongoloids, but they have certain Veddoid-Australoid features, which are particularly evident in the mountain Khmers. The main occupation of the Khmers is farming (rice and corn); cattle breeding and fishing are also important.


Narody lugo- Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.
Steinberg, D. Cambodia. New Haven, Conn., 1959.
Migot, A. Les Khmers. Paris, 1960.
Delvert, J. Le paysan Cambodgien. Paris, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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The premier announced that while he, his government and parliament all had agreed to pay a share of the cost of a tribunal for former Khmer Rouge leaders, they just can't do it.
Khmer Lands is a meticulously crafted survey of ancient Khmer landscapes that survive despite more than a century of modernisation schemes and warfare.
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Chapter One covers the coastal province of Tra Vinh, where a network of sand dunes both provides a base for self-sufficient rice agriculture and a physical link between Khmer settlements, contributing to the region's prominence as a centre of Buddhist learning.
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