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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and administrative center of Kholm Raion, Novgorod Oblast, RSFSR. Kholm is located on the Lovat’ River (which empties into Lake Il’men’), 103 km south of the Staraia Russa railroad station on the Dno-Valdai line. The city has a logging and timber distribution establishment.

Kholm became known in the 15th century as part of Novgorod Land. It was seized and destroyed several times in the 16th and 17th centuries by the Lithuanians, Poles, and Swedes. It was made the district city of Pskov namestnichestvo (vicegerency) in 1777 and of Pskov Province in 1802. Soviet power was established in December 1917. In 1935, Kholm became the administrative center of a raion in Kalinin Oblast. From Aug. 2, 1941, through Feb. 21, 1944, the city was occupied by fascist German troops. It was destroyed, but was restored after the war. From 1944 to 1957, Kholm was an administrative center of a raion in Velikie Luki Oblast; since 1958 it has been an administrative center of a raion in Novgorod Oblast.


Istomina, E. G. Kholm. Novgorod, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stolypin no doubt advocated special privileges for ethnic Russians in the empires peripheries, and many of the measures he either pursued or sanctioned (such as separating the Kholm Province from the Kingdom of Poland and introducing separate national curiae for Duma elections in Warsaw and for the zemstvos of the western provinces) indicate these preferences.
Similarly, recent archeological discoveries near Uhrovsk and then Kholm (founded by Danylo Romanovych) as well as the uncovering of Ukrainian icons, miniature illustrations and the Zvenyhorod birch-bark documents might have persuaded Hryshevsky to produce a somewhat different analysis of the west Ukraine in the century following the Mongols.
Poland, which, after the Treaty with Russia at Riga (in 1921), incorporated the Ukrainian provinces of Kholm, Volen (Volhynia), Polissya and Pidlashshya, and now has within its borders about 7 millions of Ukrainians, went even so far as to repudiate obligations towards all her national minorities under the international treaties, declaring to the world, on the forum of the League of Nations, that the problem of national minorities within Poland was her internal problem (Swystun 1939, 11-12).
From Akina the rail line will move to Mazar-e-Sharif and onward to Kholm (Tashkurgan).
The North East has been well represented at this week's 'Digital Minds: The Nordic Light' conference in Gvle, two hours north of Stoc kholm.
The occupations he discusses are the Austrian rule of 1914; Russian occupation between 1914-1915; German-Austrian reoccupation of Galicia, Bukovyna, and the Russian provinces of Volynia and Kholm in 1915-1916; Russian reoccupation of 1916-1918; and German-Austrian occupation of most of the Russian Ukraine in 1918.
For example, in 1331, the metropolitan, then staying in Vladimir-in-Volynia, consecrated Archbishop Vasilii, in the presence of bishops of Polotsk, Vladimir, Galich, Peremyshl, and Kholm. (41) In 1359, Archbishop Aleksei was consecrated deacon and priest in Tver' before being consecrated archbishop.
Principal airfields included Baghlan, Bagram, Faizabad, Gardez, Ghazni, Herat, Jalalabad, Kabul, Kandahar, Kholm, Kunduz, Mazar-e-Sharif, Sherpur and Shindand.
AIP quoted sources in the Taliban government in Kabul as saying that after capturing the Kholm district of Samangan Province, their troops were now planning a two-pronged attack on Mazar-e-Sharif and that the front has moved 40 km northeast of the opposition stronghold.