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(khŭl'məgô`rē), village, NW European Russia, SE of Arkhangelsk and at the mouth of the Northern Dvina River. Known since 1355, Kholmogory was a major trade center for Novgorod merchants in the 15th and 16th cent. and became a shipping and cattle raising center in the 18th cent. Its significance declined with the rise of Arkhangelsk.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a village and administrative center of Kholmogory Raion, Arkhangel’sk Oblast, RSFSR. Landing on the Severnaia Dvina River (on the Kuropolka channel), 75 km southeast of Arkhangel’sk. Kholmogory is the site of the Kholmogory State Pedigree Stock Farm, a dairy combine, and a logging and timber distribution establishment. A livestock technicum is located in the village.

Kholmogory was known in the 14th century as Kolmogory; at this time it was a trade base between Novgorod and the North. In the 15th and 16th centuries it was a large trade center; the English Muscovy Company conducted business through Kolmogory beginning in 1554. In 1613 the ostrog (fortified settlement) of Kolmogory withstood a siege by Polish and Swedish interventionists. The settlement was first called Kholmogory in 1692. It became the suburb of Arkhangel’sk in 1707 and the district center of Arkhangel’sk Province in 1780. Kholmogory has long been a center for the production of articles of carved ivory. It became the administrative center of a raion in Arkhangel’sk Oblast in 1929.

M. V. Lomonosov was born near Kholmogory, in the village of Mishaninskaia (known in the 19th century as Denisovka and currently as the village of Lomonosovo).


Kolybin, A. K. Kholmogory v proshlom i nastoiashchem. Arkhangel’sk, 1930.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(51) The Arkhangel'sk district court had to endure what were at times impressive distances (Table 4), but according to the data for 1901, for example, justices undertook such trips only rarely (plus Kholmogory, Pinega, and Mezen' could be covered in a single trip) and with a comparatively high degree of comfort (nine out of ten sessions took place from late autumn to early spring, meaning that justices could travel by the more congenial horse-drawn sled).
IN MERSEY | In the Mersey today, Vos Fantastic, a supply/ support vessel; Kholmogory, a cargo vessel carrying copper from Finland; MSC Monterey, a container vessel coming from Belgium.
Malsagov, sentenced to the Solovki camp for three years in 1923, learned that camps had been established at Kholmogory and Portaminst at the end of 1919.47 He described the Solovki camp proper: The concentration camp is a rectangular enclosure some 200 yards long and 150 yards wide.
Michels, "Rescuing the Orthodox: The Church Policies of Archbishop Afanasii of Kholmogory, 1682-1702," in Of Religion and Empire: Missions, Conversion, and Tolerance in Tsarist Russia, ed.
In addition to re-examining well known materials located at the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts (RGADA) and other established repositories of Old Belief writings, he effectively uses provincial diocesan archives -- notably those of Vologda, Riazan, Kholmogory, Novgorod, and Viatka.
(49) This remarkable text was composed primarily by Afanasii, archbishop of Kholmogory (1641-1702), in collaboration with Daniel Gurchin (b.
Panich, Literaturnoe tvorchestvo Afanasiia Kholmogorskogo (Novosibirsk: Sibirskii khronograf, 1996); Georg Michels, "Rescuing the Orthodox: The Church Policies of Archbishop Afanasii of Kholmogory, 1682-1702," in Of Religion and Empire: Missions, Conversion, and Tolerance in Tsarist Russia, ed.