Khond


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khond

 

(also Kandh, Kui), a tribe of people living mainly in the forested mountainous regions of the state of Orissa in India. Numbering more than 700, 000 persons (1970 estimate), the Khond speak the Kui language, which belongs to the Dravidian family. Many of the Khond are either bilingual or speak only the Oriya language. Their religion is interwoven with traditional tribal beliefs and Hinduism. The Khond are subdivided into the plains Khond, who are highly assimilated with the neighboring Oriya and engage in plow farming (they are also divided into castes), and the hill Khond, who have preserved considerable vestiges of the tribal system. The chief occupations of the latter are slash-and-burn farming, hunting, and gathering.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dev, "The Khond: a dermatoglyphic study," The Anthropologist, vol.
The MIC value of the methanolic extracts of the plant were ranging from 2.080 A+- 1.7 to 0.751 A+- 0.6 mg/mL which was in accordance to the values reported by Khond et al.
The Araku Valley has a population of nearly 50,000 and is home to various tribes including the Khonds, Gadabas, Jatapus, Kondreddys and Savaras.
Twelve Scheduled tribe groups (namely the Bodo Gadaba, Gutob Gadaba, Bondo Poraja, Ghond Poraja, Parangiperja, Chenchu, Dongaria Khonds, Kuttia Khonds, Kolam, Konda Reddis, Konda Savaras, and Thoti) are identified by the Government as particularly vulnerable tribal groups (Reddy and Kumar 2010).
Proto-Australoid racial grouping includes most of the tribes of Central India (i.e., the Munda, the Ho, the Gonds and Khonds), and also some South Indian tribes like Chenchu, Bhils etc.
For each--the Badigas, Chenchus, Yerrakulas, Bheels, Khonds (Gonds), Mundas, Santals, Khasis (Mizos), Garos, Nagas, Chins, Kachins, Karens, and many more than can be named here--a separate story can be told.