Khorramshahr

(redirected from Khoramshahr)

Khorramshahr

(khōräm'shä`hər), city (1991 pop. 34,750), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, at the confluence of the Karun River and the Shatt al Arab, near the Persian Gulf. It is a busy port. Its development dates to the late 19th cent., when steam navigation on the Karun was started. The city was known as Muhammerah until the mid-1920s, when Reza Shah took it out of the hands of a semi-independent local sheikh and placed it under the control of the central government as Khorramshahr. It was severely attacked and partially destroyed during the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
..... Click the link for more information.
 in the 1980s. The port has since been refurbished and the local economy has revived.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khorramshahr

 

a city in southwestern Iran, in the ostan (province) of Khuzestan. Population, 125,000 (1975). Khorramshahr is a port on the Shatt al-Arab at the river’s confluence with the Karun. The city has a railroad station. Its industries include shipbuilding, oil refining, and the manufacture of leather goods. Khorramshahr exports dates, cotton, hides, and skins.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Iran also says it put guided warheads on a missile called the Khoramshahr. It said in February this missile carries a 1,800 kg.
Sampling was carried out in 22 countries including: Andimeshk, Dezful, Shosh, Gotvand, Anika, Shoshtar, Masjed-soleiman, Leyzeh, Baghmalek, Haftkel, Ramhormoz, Ramshir, Dasht-Azadeghan, Ahwaz, Hoveizeh, Omidiyeh, Behbahan, Hendijan, Mahshahr, Shadegan, Abadan, Khoramshahr (Figure 1).
Apres avoir montre au monde entier ce vendredi, lors du defile militaire marquant le declenchement en 1980 de la guerre Irak-Iran, son nouveau missile Khoramshahr, [beaucoup moins que]operationnel dans un avenir proche[beaucoup plus grand que] selon un responsable iranien et d'une portee de 2.000 kilometres -- un rayon d'action qui lui permet theoriquement d'atteindre aussi bien IsraE1/2l que les bases americaines se trouvant dans la region --Teheran a annonce, des le lendemain, avoir procede a son lancement [beaucoup moins que]avec succes[beaucoup plus grand que] sans, toutefois, donner de precisions quant a la date a laquelle cet essai a ete effectue.
Video of the test firing of a Khoramshahr medium-range ballistic missile aired Friday on Iran's state TV.
State TV showed the launch of Khoramshahr missile, which has a range of 1,250 miles and can carry multiple warheads, and a video from its nose cone.
Born in 1953, Khoramshahr, Mahdi Organi has been a member of the planning council of Iran's broadcasting since 1980.
But the IRGC reacted with violence, slaughtering hundreds and imprisoning thousands, particularly in Muhammera (Khoramshahr).
Later, on the anniversary of the liberation of Khoramshahr from Iraqi military during the Iran-Iraq War, he said that another difficult trial (Azmoun) is awaiting Iran, adding that Iran needs to resurrect the same spirit that enabled it to liberate Khoramshahr in order to meet approaching challenges.
After the last treaties until the end of the reign of Mohammad Shah there was no important negotiation on borders issue between the governments until the year 1253 AH/1837 AD, when the government began the siege and occupy Herat, Ali Pasha, Baghdad governor, looted Mohammareh (Khoramshahr), on 23 Rajab 1254 AH/October 12, 1838 AD, and claimed it as a Ottoman state, then the border disputes began with utmost intensity between governments and due to the complexity of the negotiations two governments of Russia and Britain entered as mediators and decided to establish a commission composed of officers of Iran, Ottoman, Russia and Britain governments in Erzurum to settle the claims.