Khorasan


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Khorasan

(khôr'əsän`) or

Khurasan

(ko͝or'əsän`), region and former province (1991 pop. 6,013,200), c.125,000 sq mi (323,750 sq km), NE Iran. Mashhad is the chief city; other cities include Sabzevar, Bojnurd, and Neyshabur. It is mainly mountainous and arid. Khorasan was occupied by the Arabs in the mid-7th cent., and Abu MuslimAbu Muslim
, c.728–755, Persian leader of the Abbasid revolution. By political and religious agitation he raised (747) the black banners of the Abbasids against the ruling Umayyad family.
..... Click the link for more information.
 began (8th cent.) his campaign against the Umayyads there. The province contributed to the power of the early Abbasid caliphs. Khorasan was devastated by the Oghuz Turks in 1153 and 1157 and by the Mongols from 1220 to 1222. Timur invaded in 1383. An earthquake devastated Khorasan in 1997. In 2004 Khorasan was divided into three provinces: Northern, Southern, and Razavi Khorasan.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khorasan

 

(also Khurasan), a historical region in the Middle East from the third to the mid-18th century that included northeastern Iran, the Merv oasis, oases in the southern part of the Turkmen SSR, and northwestern Afghanistan. Khorasan was first named by the Sassanids, who called it Khwarasan. The region was conquered by the Arabs in the mid-seventh century and after the dissolution of the Arab Caliphate was ruled from the ninth to the early 16th century successively by the Taharids, Saffarids, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Seljuks, and Khwarazm-Shahs. Until it was conquered by the Mongols in the early 1220’s, Khorasan was one of the most economically developed regions in the Middle East. From 1510 to 1736 it formed part of the Safavid state. After the fall of the Safavid state, part of Khorasan (the Herat region and Balkh) was incorporated into Afghanistan, and part into Iran; the Merv region was conquered in the early 19th century by the Turkmens.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
- ISK had adopted different means to promote its agenda in Khorasan region, such include booklets, pamphlets, wall chalking and speeches on radio programs.
He was followed by Ghaylan (Probably of Coptic origin), al-Ja'd ibn Dirham (from Greater Khorasan) and Jahm ibn Safwan (from Tirmidh in Uzbekistan).
Drawing on interviews and research, author Antonio Giustozzi sheds light on the composition, structure and establishment of Wilayat Khorasan. (Shutterstock)
BAGRAM -- United States forces in Afghanistan conducted a strike against the leader of the Islamic State - Khorasan group, known as Abu Saad Orakzai, in the eastern area of the Nangarhar province of Afghanistan, August 25.
He said this during a meeting with a visiting delegation of Iranian entrepreneurs from Khorasan Rizvi province.
Torrential rains have been battering the Iranian provinces of Khorasan Razavi, Golestan, North Khorasan, and Semnan in the countrys general northeastern area, and Ilam Province in its west over the past days, causing rivers to overflow their banks.
Head of Relief and Rescue Operations at Irans Red Crescent Society Morteza Salimi said the flooding had claimed eight people in Khorasan Razavi, two in Golestan, and another in North Khorasan.
SECURITY agencies in a sweeping operation have arrested four suspected terrorists belonging to the ISIS Khorasan module spanning five states who were allegedly plotting a major strike.
Damascus, SANA- Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade Adib Mayyaleh discussed on Wednesday with Ali Reza Rashidian, Governor of Khorasan Razavi and his accompanying delegation the means and prospects to develop economic and trade cooperation.
"Despite this tragic event, we remain committed to defeating the terrorists of the Islamic State, Khorasan Province and helping our Afghan partners defend their nation."
4 July 2016 - 16:01 10,000 Tons of Eggs Have Been Exported from Razavi Khorasan since March, 2016 Razavi Khorasan on the third place in producing eggs in the country.
As Shahrzad seeks new allies to break Khalid's curse in order to save the doomed city and allow the lovers to reunite, the caliph deals with rebuilding Khorasan and intrigues in his own court.