Khosrow


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khosrow

 

In Iran, rulers of the Sassanid dynasty:

Khosrow I (surnamed Anushirvan [literally, “of the immortal soul”]). Died 579.

Khosrow I ascended the throne in 531 after the suppression of the Mazdakite movement. He carried out reforms begun by his father, Kavadh I, which consolidated the power of the monarch and reflected Iran’s feudalization. He introduced a fixed tax on land (the hard) and a per capita tax, restructured the bureaucracy in order to limit the power of the highest civil servants and the provincial rulers, and created a regular army and a new aristocracy totally dependent on the monarch. From the 540’s to 570’s, Khosrow I waged a series of wars with the Byzantine Empire: circa 570 he captured Yemen from Byzantium’s ally Ethiopia, and in the 560’s he routed the Epthalites in the east.

Khosrow II (surnamed Parviz [literally, “the victor”]). Died 628.

Khosrow II was brought to the throne in 591 with the aid of the Byzantine emperor Maurice. Using the murder of Maurice as a pretext, he initiated a war with the Byzantine Empire that lasted from 602 to 629; in the course of the war he seized the eastern and southern Byzantine provinces, including Egypt. In the 620’s Byzantium took the offensive and invaded Iran. Khosrow II was overthrown and killed by a group of nobles opposed to him.

E. A. GRANTOVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A Persian Army general has taken Khosrow's kingdom for himself and she disapproves of his remaining in Armenia with her while his kingdom is in the hands of a usurper.
"Shah Abbasi Caravanserai, Khosrow Mansion and Chahar-Qapi in Qasr-e Shirin, Yazdgerd Castle in Dalahou and Zaj Manijeh in Sar Pol-e Zahab were the most affected sites," Jalil Balai, the head of Kermanshah's ICHHTO office, said.
Amir Khosrow for his entire life enjoyed the patronage of the Muslim rulers of Delhi.
With: Khosrow Shakibai, Mohammad Reza Sharifi Nia, Ali Mosafa, Negar Forozandeh.
A similar strategy was applied to the section on visual arts, where a series of bombastic paintings by the folk artist Khosrow Hassanzadeh is followed by a more erotically tinged work by the exiled artist Nicky Nodjoumy.
On Saturday, the King's Division Waterloo Band will march down the course before the racehorses parade for the Grand National itself, followed by a rendition of the National Anthem by soprano Sally-Ann Shepherdson and tenor Khosrow Mahsoori.
The 7 Iranian inmates freed by the US were named as Nader Modanlou, Bahram Mechanic, Khosrow Afqahi, Arash Ghahreman, Touraj Faridi, Nima Golestaneh and Ali Sabounchi.
International Conference on Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies (15th: 2014: Pirassununga, Brazil) Edited by Khosrow Ghavami, Holmer Savastano Junior, and Juliano Fiorelli
The source told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / "a meeting was held between the National Forces Alliance and the national forces alliance and both sides agreed on the selection Salim al-Jobouri for the post of Speaker of the House and Haider al-Abadi for the post of first deputy chairman of the Council and Aram Khosrow as second deputy." / End
Several other notable poets, including Amir Khosrow (1253-1325) and `Ali Shir Nava'i (1441-1501), wrote khamsehs in Persian and in Turkish.
The announcement by Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Gholamali Khosrow that the Middle East will remain a crisis centre as long as monarchies remain in the Gulf region is a grave development.
Chista Mane Rabiee Mani All Hooshmand Khosrow Khosrow Hassanzadeh Reza Reza Hassanzadeh Aboozar Aboozar Javanmard An exciting experimental work from Mohammad Shirvani, whose short films have already received attention, "Navel" pushes the limits of Iranian cinema with its uncharacteristic style and taboo subject matter: four men and a girl rooming together in a Teheran apartment.