Khotan


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Khotan:

see HotanHotan
or Khotan
, city and oasis (1994 est. pop. 75,900), SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, near the headstream of the Hotan River; the name sometimes appears as Ho-t'ien. It is the center of an area growing cotton, corn, wheat, rice, and fruit.
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, China.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khotan

 

(also Hot’ien), a city in Northwest China, in the Sinkiang-Uighur Autonomous Region, on the Yülungk’ashih Ho (Yurung Kash River) of the Tarim River basin. Population, 50,000 (1958). A transportation center on the North Kunlun highway, Khotan is the center of an agricultural oasis, where silkworms are raised. Industry includes silk winding, silk spinning, and rug-making. Handicrafts are also produced, including articles made of nephrite.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The Chinese government has now destroyed the central Uyghur graveyard in Khotan. It was also the site of several sacred shrines," tweeted Thum, along with two images taken from satellite: First showing a land filled with structure and the second of barren land.
They said by using heavy machinery the paths of the floods could easily be diverted towards the desert of Khotan Lasht.
Central Asian Participation in the Culture of Naming of Medieval China," Tang Studies 34 (2016): 73-98, argued that there was no direct relationship between the Xianbei tribal name and the royal house of Khotan.
From Figure 3, it could be found that the maximum air temperatures in Turpan, Khotan, and Kashgar in July 2013 were up to 43.9[degrees]C, 40.2[degrees]C, and 39.4[degrees]C respectively.
The expansion of Chinese territory and increase in foreign contact during the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) led to the import of materials such as nephrite from Khotan (Hetian), Xinjiang, jadeite from Burma, agate and crystal from the Yangzi river regions, along with lapis lazuli from Afghanistan.
With more dehydrated farm goods being expected, food companies have established mills in Khotan and Kashgar in south Xinjiang.
This acknowledgment, in turn, might also throw new light on the record in Sengyou's ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) bibliographical notice on the translation colophon to the "Scripture on the Wise and the Fool" that the text was written down (or translated?) in Khotan from the oral exposition of a preacher, and also on some textual elements that betray a local Khotanese influence on the redaction process.
Stories are also told how, in AD 440, a Khotan prince (today's Hetian, a kingdom on the rim of Taklamakan desert) courted and won a Chinese princess.
Her seven sites include the tourist destinations of Samarkand, Dunhuang, Turfan, and Xi'an, and lesser known places like Niya, the caves of Kizil, and Khotan. Archaeologists and philologists rely on small scraps of paper, wood, silk, and other materials, preserved in the dry desert sands, to give crucial clues about local markets, foods, and religions.
ABOVE: the Tibetan fort of Mazar-Tagh was built on a bluff overlooking the Khotan River in order to protect the Silk Road kingdom of Khofan from invasions from the northern Taklamakan.
AYR: 2.10 Khotan, 2.40 Grand Diamond, 3.10 Twelve Strings, 3.40 Spavento, 4.10 Schmooze, 4.40 Awake My Soul, 5.10 Music Festival.
Prescott's Khotan looks dangerous, but if Lucy can get the six-year-old into top gear early in the straight he could go very close.