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(kho͞o`fo͞o) or


(kē`ŏps), fl. c.2680 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the IV dynasty. He was king for 23 years and was famous as the builder of the greatest pyramidpyramid.
The true pyramid exists only in Egypt and Sudan, though the term has also been applied to similar structures in other countries. Egyptian pyramids are square in plan and their triangular sides, which directly face the points of the compass, slope upwards at
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 at Giza.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Greek, Cheops), Egyptian pharaoh who ruled in the beginning of the 27th century B.C.

The fragments of a manuscript pertaining to the reign of Khufu have been preserved, as well as a cliff bas-relief depicting Khufu’s victory over the Bedouin in Wadi Maghara, an area of copper and turquoise deposits on the Sinai Peninsula. Khufu’s name has also been found in diorite quarries in northern Nubia, northwest of Abu Simbel. Herodotus, in relating the ancient Egyptian tradition about the construction of the pyramids, describes Khufu as a despot, who brought hardships upon Egypt and forced the population to work for him.

Khufu’s pyramid in Giza (Gizeh), which rises to a height of 146.6 m, is the largest pyramid in Egypt.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike the coffin that was reported to be seriously damaged, the Khufu Ship pieces are in good shape.
The ship, now preserved in the Giza Solar Boat Museum, is believed to have been built for Khufu, the second pharaoh of the fourth dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Egypt, who is entombed inside the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Khufu's pyramid is the oldest and largest pyramid still standing near Giza, Egypt.
"He will be beside his great ancestors like Khufu, which means he will be here beside the biggest construction in Egyptian history," says Islam Mustafa, the museum's technical director, referring to Giza's Great Pyramid.
The Great Pyramid of Khufu, one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, was also illuminated with the colors of the Russian flag to show solidarity with the families of the 224 victims who were killed in the airplane that crashed over Egypt's Sinai Peninsula on Oct.
A court in Giza, south of the capital, sentenced in absentia three Germans -- who had claimed they were researchers -- for stealing pieces of an ancient scroll bearing the name of the Pharaoh Khufu, as well as rock samples, the source said.
Using many specific examples--antikythera and the construction methods used to build the Khufu Pyramid, for example--it is a quite lively romp through the field, and its methodological approaches; yet it manages to remain interesting and engaging without sacrificing academic and mathematical rigor.
John Romer's latest offering, an expansive overview of ancient Egypt from the beginnings of agriculture in the Neolithic period to the reign of Khufu, has already received effusive reviews from mainstream commentators.
The latter is one of the more popular areas of the museum, housing the funerary collection of Queen Hetepheres, mother of King Khufu, the builder of Egypt's Great Pyramid, with better views for visitors among the main goals for the building.
Then it was time to head south to Cairo , or rather to Giza on the outskirts of the capital city to see the Great Pyramid, the largest surviving pyramid and funerary monument of pharoah Khufu (Cheops).