Khuzestan

Khuzestan

(kho͞ozēstän`), province (1991 pop. 3,175,852), c.24,000 sq mi (62,160 sq km), SW Iran, bordering on Iraq in the west and the Persian Gulf in the south. Its major cities include AhvazAhvaz
or Ahwaz
, city (1991 pop. 724,653), SW Iran, on the Karun River. It is an oil center, a transportation hub, and an industrial city that has petrochemical, textile, and food-processing industries. An ancient city, Ahvaz was rebuilt (3d cent. A.D.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (the capital), KhorramshahrKhorramshahr
, city (1991 pop. 34,750), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, at the confluence of the Karun River and the Shatt al Arab, near the Persian Gulf. It is a busy port. Its development dates to the late 19th cent., when steam navigation on the Karun was started.
..... Click the link for more information.
, DezfulDezful
, city (1991 pop. 181,309), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, on the Dez River, near the site of ancient Susa. It is the trade center for an irrigated farm region. Petroleum is produced nearby.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and AbadanAbadan
, city (1991 pop. 84,774), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, on Abadan Island, in the delta of the Shatt al Arab, at the head of the Persian Gulf. It is the terminus of major oil pipelines and is an important oil refining and shipping center.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Mountainous in the east, it has a hot, dry climate; agricultural products include dates, citrus fruit, rice, and vegetables. Khuzestan has enormous petroleum deposits. Dams on the Dez River in the northern part of the province provide water for irrigation and hydroelectricity. There is a rail line and an extensive road network. The province, which was formerly called Arabistan, has an Arab majority. The area was conquered (7th cent.) by the Arabs and invaded (13th cent.) by the Mongols; it passed to Timur in the 14th cent. Development of the oil industry in the 20th cent. has led to growth of Khuzestan's population and economy. Iranian government efforts to encourage more ethnic Persians to relocate to Khuzestan has sparked unrest among the Arabs there.

Khuzestan

 

a historical region in southwestern Iran.

In the third and second millennia B.C., the kingdom of Elam occupied the area that subsequently became Khuzestan. In the Sassanid period land cultivation underwent development in Khuzestan, but after the irrigation system was destroyed, nomadic stock raising and handicrafts became predominant.

In the seventh century A.D., Khuzestan, with the rest of Iran, became part of the Arab Caliphate. It was part of the Buyid Kingdom in the tenth and 11th centuries, the Seljuk state in the 11th and 12th centuries, and the Hulaguid state in the 13th and 14th centuries. In the early 16th century Khuzestan was conquered by the Safavids. From the seventh to 15th centuries it was a major center of various religious sectarian and antifeudal movements, such as the Kharijite, Shiite, Karmathian, and Zinji movements and the movement led by Musha Sha. From 1909 to 1951, Khuzestan lay within the sphere of influence of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (after 1935, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company).

References in periodicals archive ?
Police last week arrested more than 30 strikers at a sugar refinery in Khuzestan province who are seeking wages they have not been paid in months.
It was earlier reported that at least two individuals were killed during the protests in the city of Izeh in Khuzestan Province on Sunday.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran rejected media reports claiming that a terrorist group has attacked the country's oil pipeline in Omidiyeh region in the Southern province of Khuzestan.
Mola Nissi headed a militant nationalist group of Iranian Arabs that intermittently attacked targets in Khuzestan, Iran's oil-rich province populated by a large Iranian Arab community.
Seeing that the government has limited financial resources, First Vice President Es'haq Jahangiri has approved the use of foreign funding, to fund two public projects: pumping water to the northern parts of Khuzestan Province and building three hospitals, one each in the cities of Tehran, Shiraz and Tabriz.
in Ramhormoz county (in Khuzestan province) is rooted in an old tribal conflict," lawmaker Hedayatollah Khademi said.
18 July 2016 - 13:05 Ease of Visa Taking Process for Khuzestan Local People Officials Discussed Ease of Visa Process for Local People of Khuzestan, Basra and Maysan.
He said during his visit to the city of Mashhad, "he has ordered previously of the railway linking of the province of Khuzestan and the city of Basra, and we hope to achieve this season even visit next session to enable visitors to Karbala from going to visit by train.
Background: Izeh is one of the counties of Khuzestan province that its people suffer from scorpion sting.
Football fans clashed with security forces last Friday after a match between state-owned Foolad FC and Tehran's Esteghlal FCin Ahwaz, the capital of the Iranian province of Khuzestan for the second time is as many weeks, according to the National Council of Resistance in Iran, a coalition of opposition groups dominated by the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq, a group that lost much of its credibility after it was expelled from France in 1986 and moved its operations to Iraq at a time that Iraq was at war with Iran.
Based on the general characteristics (Table 1) and the geographic location of Ahvaz-Hamidieh and Khuzestan in Iran is shown in Figure 1.
Football riots reflect long-standing discontent in Iran's predominantly Arab Khuzestan