Khuzestan

Khuzestan

(kho͞ozēstän`), province (1991 pop. 3,175,852), c.24,000 sq mi (62,160 sq km), SW Iran, bordering on Iraq in the west and the Persian Gulf in the south. Its major cities include AhvazAhvaz
or Ahwaz
, city (1991 pop. 724,653), SW Iran, on the Karun River. It is an oil center, a transportation hub, and an industrial city that has petrochemical, textile, and food-processing industries. An ancient city, Ahvaz was rebuilt (3d cent. A.D.
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 (the capital), KhorramshahrKhorramshahr
, city (1991 pop. 34,750), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, at the confluence of the Karun River and the Shatt al Arab, near the Persian Gulf. It is a busy port. Its development dates to the late 19th cent., when steam navigation on the Karun was started.
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, DezfulDezful
, city (1991 pop. 181,309), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, on the Dez River, near the site of ancient Susa. It is the trade center for an irrigated farm region. Petroleum is produced nearby.
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, and AbadanAbadan
, city (1991 pop. 84,774), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, on Abadan Island, in the delta of the Shatt al Arab, at the head of the Persian Gulf. It is the terminus of major oil pipelines and is an important oil refining and shipping center.
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. Mountainous in the east, it has a hot, dry climate; agricultural products include dates, citrus fruit, rice, and vegetables. Khuzestan has enormous petroleum deposits. Dams on the Dez River in the northern part of the province provide water for irrigation and hydroelectricity. There is a rail line and an extensive road network. The province, which was formerly called Arabistan, has an Arab majority. The area was conquered (7th cent.) by the Arabs and invaded (13th cent.) by the Mongols; it passed to Timur in the 14th cent. Development of the oil industry in the 20th cent. has led to growth of Khuzestan's population and economy. Iranian government efforts to encourage more ethnic Persians to relocate to Khuzestan has sparked unrest among the Arabs there.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khuzestan

 

a historical region in southwestern Iran.

In the third and second millennia B.C., the kingdom of Elam occupied the area that subsequently became Khuzestan. In the Sassanid period land cultivation underwent development in Khuzestan, but after the irrigation system was destroyed, nomadic stock raising and handicrafts became predominant.

In the seventh century A.D., Khuzestan, with the rest of Iran, became part of the Arab Caliphate. It was part of the Buyid Kingdom in the tenth and 11th centuries, the Seljuk state in the 11th and 12th centuries, and the Hulaguid state in the 13th and 14th centuries. In the early 16th century Khuzestan was conquered by the Safavids. From the seventh to 15th centuries it was a major center of various religious sectarian and antifeudal movements, such as the Kharijite, Shiite, Karmathian, and Zinji movements and the movement led by Musha Sha. From 1909 to 1951, Khuzestan lay within the sphere of influence of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (after 1935, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The National Iranian Oil Company Exploration Directorate (NIOCEXP) announced on Monday that the company has found a new oil reservoir in Dezful in the Southwestern province of Khuzestan.
A 5.7-magnitude earthquake struck Khuzestan province this month, resulting in a single death, the first quake fatality in Iran in the last 10 months.
Summary: Ahvaz [Iran], July 8 (ANI): At least one person was killed and 24 others sustained injuries after an earthquake measuring 5.7 on the Richter scale struck southwestern province of Khuzestan on Monday.
Some 30,000 liters of smuggled fuel worth more than $24,000 were discovered in Ahwaz, Khuzestan Province Police Chief Haidar Abbaszadeh announced.
In Ahvaz, the capital city of Khuzestan Province, south-western Iran, the delegation held meetings with relief teams, visited the province's only mental health hospital, and went also to IRCS' prosthesis manufacturing plant.
In Ahvaz, the capital city of Khuzestan Province, south-western Iran, the delegation held meetings with relief teams, visited the provinces only mental health hospital, and went also to IRCSs prosthesis manufacturing plant.
Kuwait Red Crescent Society (KRCS) delegation inspects Iranian areas affected by floods TEHRAN, April 15 (KUNA) -- A delegation of the Kuwait Red Crescent Society (KRCS) on Monday toured areas affected by floods in Khuzestan province, Iran.
Iranian emergency services were bracing for widespread flooding on Tuesday with mass evacuations planned as extensive rainfalls in regions neighbouring Khuzestan converge on the oil-rich southwestern province.
On Saturday, Iraq officially closed the Chazabeh border crossing after Iranian authorities banned travelling and trade through the border amid flood warnings in the south Iranian province of Khuzestan.Customs authorities of Khuzestan had called on trade companies on Wednesday to use another border crossing further south as a replacement, Iran's state news agency IRNA reported.
Many residents of Susangerd, with a population of about 50,000, and five other communities in the oil-rich southwestern province of Khuzestan were being moved to safer areas as officials released water from major dams, state TV reported.
27 (Saba) - Two police officers in Iran were killed after gunmen targeted a security patrol in the port city of Imam Khomeini in Khuzestan province, southwest of the country.
Daesh and the Ahvaz National Resistance claimed responsibility for the attack that was carried out in Ahvaz, the capital city of Khuzestan province.