Khwarazm-Shah

Khwarazm-Shah

 

the title of feudal rulers of Khwarazm. The rulers known as the Great Khwarazm-Shahs belonged to the best-known dynasty, founded around 1077 by Anūştegin Gharacha’ī. The state flourished under Khwarazm-Shah il-Arslan (1156–72) and particularly under Tekesh and his son Muhammad II Ala’-al-Din. The rule of the Khwarazm-Shahs was brought to an end by the Mongol invasion. The last of the dynasty, Jalal-al-Din, perished in Mesopotamia in 1231.

References in periodicals archive ?
He describes the pre-Mongol period in general, the invasion of the Islamic Mongols and its impact on society and literature, principal European works of reference, including those contemporary to Barthold's own time, geographical surveys, society and history in central Asia down to the twelfth century, relations between Qara-Khitays and Khwarazm-Shahs, Chingiz-Khan and the Mongols, and the politics of Turkistan under Mongol invasion.
The work covers a wide range of topics dealing with social, economic, and administrative aspects of the history of Iran in the period of the Saljuqs, Khwarazm-Shahs and II-Khans.