Khyber Pass


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Khyber Pass

(kī`bər), narrow, steep-sided pass, 28 mi (45 km) long, winding through the Safed Koh Mts., on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border; highest point is 3,500 ft (1,067 m). The routes through it link the cities of Peshawar, Pakistan, and Kabul, Afghanistan. For centuries a trade and invasion route from central Asia, the Khyber Pass was one of the principal approaches of the armies of Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great
or Alexander III,
356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Youth and Kingship

The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education.
..... Click the link for more information.
, TimurTimur
or Tamerlane
, c.1336–1405, Mongol conqueror, b. Kesh, near Samarkand. He is also called Timur Leng [Timur the lame]. He was the son of a tribal leader, and he claimed (apparently for the first time in 1370) to be a descendant of Jenghiz Khan.
..... Click the link for more information.
, BaburBabur
[Turk.,=lion], 1483–1530, founder of the Mughal empire of India. His full name was Zahir ud-Din Muhammad. A descendant of Timur (Tamerlane) and of Jenghiz Khan, he succeeded (1494) to the principality of Fergana in central Asia.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Mahmud of GhaznaMahmud of Ghazna
, 971?–1030, Afghan emperor and conqueror. He defeated (c.999) his elder brother to gain control of Khorasan (in Iran) and of Afghanistan. In his raids against the states of N India, Mahmud, a staunch Muslim, destroyed Hindu temples, forced conversions to
..... Click the link for more information.
, and Nadir ShahNadir Shah
or Nader Shah
, 1688–1747, shah of Iran (1736–47), sometimes considered the last of the great Asian conquerors. He was a member of the Afshar tribe.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in their invasions of India. The pass was also important in the Afghan Wars fought by the British in the 19th cent. The Khyber Pass is now traversed by an asphalt road and an old caravan route. A railroad (built 1920–25), which passes through 34 tunnels and over 92 bridges and culverts, runs to the Afghan border. Pakistan controls the entire pass.

Khyber Pass

 

(also Khaibar), a mountain pass in the range Safed Koh; located near the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Khyber Pass measures 53 km in length and between 15 and 130 m in width. The main crossing is located at an elevation of 1,030 m. A railroad has been built from the Pakistani side up to the Afghan border. The Peshawar-Kabul highway traverses the pass.

Khyber Pass

a narrow pass over the Safed Koh Range between Afghanistan and Pakistan, over which came the Persian, Greek, Tatar, Mogul, and Afghan invasions of India; scene of bitter fighting between the British and Afghans (1838--42, 1878--80). Length: about 53 km (33 miles). Highest point: 1072 m (3518 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Sid James played Sir Sidney Ruff-Diamond, Queen Victoria's Governor in the British India province of Khalabar near the Khyber Pass.
The Pakistan government had subsequently reopened the blocked Khyber Pass route after declaring a diplomatic and political victory following the US and NATO apologies.
Supplies along the Khyber Pass have regularly come under attack, forcing the US to find alternative supply routes.
From the deserts of Turkmenistan to the Khyber Pass, the plains of Pakistan, the majestic Himalayas, and much more, India is a vast land and with a storied historical narrative that spans millennia.
A suicide bomb attack on a convoy of trucks carrying supplies via the Khyber Pass, yesterday, is the latest evidence of the Taliban gameplan.
The main supply corridor has been through Pakistan, but lately insurgents have taken to attacking supply convoys headed toward the Khyber Pass.
All in all, some 300 vehicles were disabled or destroyed in the latest round of the Taliban's ongoing attempts to block the vital Khyber Pass supply-line feeding coalition forces, fighting in support of Afghan president Hamid Karzai.
As if to underscore the instability of western Pakistani areas near the main NATO resupply route, Pakistani security forces said Jan 20 that they had killed 60 militants in fighting in Mohmand Agency, a Taliban stronghold north of the main road through the Khyber Pass.
But the boldness of the attack near the north-west city of Peshawar will fuel concern that Taliban militants are tightening their hold in the area and could choke the famed Khyber Pass.
The region, home to the Khyber Pass through which vital supplies for Western forces in Afghanistan pass, had been virtually free of militant violence until this year but security has deteriorated in recent months.
Unbeknownst to her, a miscreant celebrant had decided to ring in the new year by, a la Khyber Pass, firing a gun into the air.
Unknown to her, a miscreant celebrant decided to ring in the new year by, a la Khyber Pass, firing a gun into the air.