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Related to Kiangsi: Jiangxi Province


see JiangxiJiangxi
or Kiangsi
, province (2010 pop. 44,567,475), c.66,000 sq mi (170,940 sq km), SE China. Nanchang is the capital. The largely hilly and mountainous surface is drained by many rivers; the longest is the navigable Gan, which flows NE to Poyang lake.
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, China.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a province in East China, on the right bank of the Yangtze River. Area, 160,000 sq km. Population, 22 million (1974). The capital is the city of Nanch’ang.

The interior of Kiangsi is a low-lying plain in the basin of P’oyang Hu; the areas along the borders are occupied by mountain ranges. Predominant elevations range from 300 to 900 m. The province has a subtropical monsoon climate, with a mean January temperature of 4°–10°C and a mean July temperature of 27°–30°C. Annual precipitation is 1,400–1,700 mm.

Kiangsi’s economy is based on agriculture, primarily land cultivation. More than 16 percent of the province is under cultivation, and approximately 80 percent of the arable land is irrigated. Rice, the principal crop, is grown in paddies that take up more than 85 percent of the arable land; two harvests are gathered every year. The principle rice-growing regions are the P’oyang Hu plain and the Kan Chiang valley. Other food crops are wheat, barley, sweet potato, legumes, tea, and citrus fruits; industrial crops are cotton, jute, ramie, tobacco, sugarcane, and oil-bearing plants. Animal husbandry is represented by swine raising and cattle raising, which includes the raising of water buffalo for work in the rice paddies. There is poultry raising, commercial fishing, and forestry.

The most highly developed industry is mining. Tungsten is mined in the southern part of the province (in the Tayü, Huich’-ang, and Anyüan regions), copper in the northeast and northwest, and uranium in the Shangyu area. The P’inghsiang Coalfield produces approximately 2 million tons annually, most of which is shipped to Wuhan. Lead, tin, zinc, molybdenum, manganese, and gold are also mined in Kiangsi.

Kiangsi has factories of the textile, machine-building, glass, paper, and chemical industries; most are concentrated in Nanch’-ang, which also has a small metallurgical plant. The province is renowned for its porcelain, which is produced mainly at Chingtechen, an ancient and world-famous center of porcelain production and the site of one of the nation’s largest porcelain factories.

P’oyang Hu, the Yangtze River, and the Kan Chiang are navigable.


Some parts of Kiangsi belonged to the Wu, Yüeh, and Ch’u states between the seventh and fourth centuries B.C. In 334 B.C., Kiangsi became part of the Ch’u state; in the late third century B.C. it formed part of the Ch’in Empire and was known as Chiu-chiang District. Large numbers of Chinese began to settle the area in the fourth century A.D. From the seventh to ninth centuries Kiangsi was divided between the districts of Chiangnan and Huainan, and from the tenth to 13th centuries it was part of Chiuchiang District. Kiangsi Province, with its present boundaries, was formed after the Mongol conquest of China in the 13th century.

From 1853 to 1861 the northern areas of Kiangsi were controlled by the Taiping rebels. In 1861 the province was opened up to foreign trade. On Aug. 1, 1927, units of the National Revolutionary Army, led by Chinese Communists, rebelled in Nanch’-ang (seeNANCH’ANG UPRISING OF 1927). From 1930 to 1934, Kiangsi was a major base of operations of the soviet movement in China (seeSOVIETS IN CHINA). During the Chinese People’s National Liberation War Against the Japanese Invaders of 1937–45 (Sino-Japanese War), the province was occupied by Japanese troops. The People’s Liberation Army of China freed Kiangsi from Kuomintang rule in May and August 1949.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Kiangsi
a province of SE central China, in the basins of the Kan River and Poyang Lake: mineral resources include coal and tungsten. Capital: Nanchang. Pop.: 42 220 000 (2003 est.). Area: 164 800 sq. km (64 300 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
And with one swoop, they knocked the delicate Kiangsi bowls off the sideboard, while a mass of rose petals tumbled to the floor.
Dardess, A Ming Society: T'ai-ho County, Kiangsi, Fourteenth to Seventeenth Centuries (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1996)], but also how the eventual corrosion of such structures resulted in--and was in turn the result of--collective actions aimed at political change.
This figure is also cited in Dardess, A Ming Society: T'aiho County, Kiangsi, in the Fourteenth to Seventeenth Centuries (Berkeley, 1996), p.
In China, warm weather crops, such as oranges, were abandoned in Kiangsi Province, where they had been grown for centuries.
mairei has been collected in every province that the typical variety has, but is also found farther south and east in the provinces of Jiangxi (Kiangsi), Zhejiang (Chekiang), Guangdong (Kwantung), Fujian (Fukien), and Taiwan.
The Littell family consisted of five boys and two girls, reared in the wilds of Kiangsi and Hunan provinces, central China.
But my father had also been a "district missionary" (adviser and supervisor for Chinese pastors) in rural Kiangsi Province, then principal of a boys' school, and finally a bishop of the Methodist Church.
CHARGED: When shipped by China National Cereals, Oils and Food Stuffs, Kiangsi, China, the article was unfit for food because of swollen and leaking containers.
We learn that it was discovered along the banks of a river in Luling, Kiangsi, and that it might have been an anchor for rafts, or perhaps a prophylactic device to suppress or exorcise evil water demons.
Yuan Shih-k'ai took power (1912) he established himself as a warlord, ruling and defending his territory and acquiring an opium habit and great wealth; responding to an upsurge of nationalism, he overcame his opium addiction and went to Germany to study (1919); while in Europe, he met Chou En-lai and joined the Communist Party; returned to China and was commissioned a general and division commander in the KMT army (1926); as commander of the Nanchang garrison (in Jiangxi), he provided critical support for Chou's rebellion there (August 1, 1927); led Communist units into the countryside on the approach of massive KMT forces; joined Mao Tse-tung in south-western Kiangsi (Jiangxi) (May?