Kiel


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Related to Kiel: Kiel Canal, Kiel Week

Kiel

(kēl), city (1994 pop. 248,930), capital of Schleswig-Holstein, N central Germany, on Kiel Bay, an arm of the Baltic Sea. Situated at the head of the Kiel Canal, the city was Germany's chief naval base from 1871 to 1945, when the naval installations were dismantled. Kiel is now a shipping and industrial center; the major industries are shipbuilding and engineering. There are large shipyards and factories that manufacture textiles, metal products, and printed materials. It is the largest and economically the most important city in Schleswig-Holstein. Chartered in 1242, Kiel joined the Hanseatic League in 1284. It became the residence of the dukes of Holstein. Kiel passed to Denmark in 1773; with Holstein it was annexed by Prussia in 1866. The sailors' mutiny that began at Kiel at the end of World War I touched off a socialist revolution in Germany. In World War II the city suffered severe damage from Allied air attacks. The city is the seat of a university (founded 1665) and several museums, including the oldest art gallery and botanical gardens in Germany. The sailing and yachting events of the 1972 Olympic summer games were held there. The city holds a yearly regatta that draws visitors from around the world.

Kiel

 

a city and port in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein. It is located at the Baltic entrance to the Kiel Canal, lying along both shores of the Kiel Fjord. Population, 270,000 (1970). Kiel is an important transportation center and naval base. Approximately 1.5 million tons of freight passes through the port annually (shipping accounts for 80 percent). Industries in Kiel include shipbuilding (Deutsche Werft-Howaldts Werke), electrical engineering, food-processing (margarine and canned fish), and the manufacture of precision and optical instruments. The city is the site of a university and a number of scholarly centers, including an institute for world economics.

Kiel has been known since the 13th century. In 1242 it became a city. In 1284, Kiel entered a union of German cities, which was later called the Hanseatic League. The Treaty of Kiel was concluded in the city in 1814. In early November 1918, there was an uprising of sailors in Kiel, commencing the November Revolution of 1918 in Germany.

Kiel

a port in N Germany, capital of Schleswig-Holstein state, on the Kiel Canal (connecting the North Sea with the Baltic): joined the Hanseatic League in 1284; became part of Denmark in 1773 and passed to Prussia in 1866; an important naval base in World Wars I and II; shipbuilding and engineering industries. Pop.: 233 039 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
German Naval Yards Kiel GmbH (GNY Kiel) is specialised in the design and construction of large naval vessels such as frigates, corvettes, and offshore patrol vessels - both for the German and for overseas navies (e.g.
Starting with just an PS8 bag of wax, Kiel began making candles and melts from the kitchen of his one-bedroom council flat in Thornaby, and Waxxy, his Castlegate Shopping Centre business, was born.
Holstein Kiel are the top scorers in the Bundesliga 2 but their defence is far from perfect.
The first Cross of Nails from the destroyed Coventry Cathedral was presented to the City of Kiel in 1947, and it is also 50 years since the official twinning agreement was signed in Kiel.
Kiel Arto Design partner and innovator Peter Kalnins recently commented that "The two new lines give interior designers and consumers a choice in design style, allowing for our tables to fit in a broad range of home, offices or hospitality projects while keeping true to our core values."
Muscat: Trained and nurtured under the Omantel Youth Programme at Oman Sail, seven of Oman's most promising young sailors will take a step towards fulfilling their Olympic dreams when they compete at the Kiel Week international regatta in Germany next week.
Kieler Woche runs from June 20 to 28 June, and the crew, intent on shaving a few more seconds off the Kiel Week Welcome Race record that they smashed by almost 20 minutes last year, will welcome onboard Boris Herrmann, Germany's best-known offshore sailor, and keen sailor Pierre Casiraghi, youngest son of Caroline, Princess of Hanover and seventh in line to the Monegasque throne.
Kiel was also known for his roles in Burt Reynolds prison football film "The Longest Yard" and for appearing in several episodes of "The Wild Wild West." In 1962, Kiel starred in "To Serve Man," a classic episode of "Twilight Zone," and a few years later he appeared on "The Monkees."
TRIBUTES have been paid to James Bond villain Richard Kiel - a gentle giant who paid many visits to Birmingham, a city he loved.
-- Richard Kiel, the towering actor best known for portraying steel-toothed villain Jaws in a pair of James Bond films, has died.
BOND star Sir Roger Moore told of his sorrow yesterday after the death of Richard Kiel - the giant actor who played 007 baddie Jaws.