Donitz and his government were said to be nicely set up in a castle owned by the Duke of Mecklenburg and Holstein, overlooking the picturesque waters of Kiel Bay
, whence they proceeded by limousine to Flensburg for council meetings at 10 prompt each morning, to discuss the government of a state garrisoned by four foreign conquerors.
ABSTRACT We compared lifetime and population energy budgets of the extraordinary long-lived ocean quahog Arctica islandica from 6 different sites--the Norwegian coast, Kattegat, Kiel Bay, White Sea, German Bight, and off northeast Iceland covering a temperature and salinity gradient of 4-10[degrees]C (annual mean) and 25-34, respectively.
Ocean quahogs, Arctica islandica were collected in 2005 and 2006 from 6 sites: the Norwegian coast, Kattegat, Kiel Bay (Baltic Sea), White Sea, German Bight (North Sea), and Iceland (off northeast Iceland; Fig.
The initial full factorial ANCOVA model of body and shell mass ln(AFDM) and ln(SDM) versus ln(shell height) and site indicated all sites differ significantly with the exceptions of the Norwegian coast and German Bight, and White Sea and Kiel Bay in AFDM, and Norwegian coast and the German Bight and the White Sea and Kattegat in SDM, respectively (Table 2).
We found growth to differ significantly between all sites except between the Norwegian coast and the German Bight and between Iceland and Kiel Bay (Fig.
The fraction of energy allocated to somatic production [P.sub.S] is lowest in the long-lived Iceland animals (0.011) and increases with decreasing life span to 0.069 in Kiel Bay. The share of gonad production [P.sub.G] in assimilation shows just the opposite trend, but is generally higher (0.191-0.337).
Population production-to-biomass ratio is estimated between 0.203 (German Bight) and 0.285 (Kiel Bay).
islandica from five populations: Norwegian coast, Kattegat, Kiel Bay (Baltic Sea), White Sea and German Bight (North Sea), to body mass, water temperature and site.
Based on the model, [Q.sup.10] values (5[degrees]C - 15[degrees]C) were 4.48 for German Bight, 2.63 for Norwegian Coast, 2.34 for White Sea, 1.20 for Kattegat and 1.15 for Kiel Bay.
The corresponding Q10 values, 4.88 for German Bight, 2.72 for Norway, 2.70 for White Sea, 1.22 for Kattegat and 1.37 for Kiel Bay did not provide a consistent picture: clipping of either very small animals (from Kiel Bay and White Sea population) or of very large animals (from German Bight, Norway population) both increased [Q.sub.10].
Population Location Salinity Depth (m) Norwegian Coast 69[degrees]9'N 33 10-30 8[degrees]57'E Kattegat 56[degrees]0'N 31 33 11[degrees]8'E White Sea 66[degrees]'N 25 10 33[degrees]38'E Kiel Bay 54[degrees]32'N 25 25 10[degrees]42'E German Bight 54[degrees]09'N 31 40 7[degrees]47'E Temperature ([degrees]C) Sample Size Population HT ET HT ET Norwegian Coast 4 9 35 23 Kattegat 8 13 29 16 White Sea 4 9 12 12 Kiel Bay 10 15 28 24 German Bight 10 15 8 10 TABLE 2.