Kiel Canal

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Kiel Canal,

artificial waterway, 61 mi (98 km) long, in Schleswig-Holstein, N central Germany, connecting the North Sea with the Baltic Sea. At sea level, the canal extends from Kiel on the Baltic to Brunsbüttelkoog at the mouth of the Elbe River. Locks at each end of the canal minimize tidal variation. Built (1887–95) to facilitate movement of the German fleet, the Kiel Canal was widened and deepened from 1905 to 1914. Large oceangoing ships can pass through the canal. Because of its great military and commercial importance the canal was internationalized by the Treaty of Versailles (1919), though its direct administration was left with the Germans. Hitler repudiated its international status in 1936, but free navigation in the canal was returned after World War II. The canal is also known as the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal, for William II of Germany, and as the North Sea-Baltic Canal (Ger. Nord–Ostsee–Kanal). Today the canal is a major passage for shipping in the Baltic region.

Kiel Canal


(also the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal), a maritime shipping canal linking the Baltic and North seas. It crosses West Germany between Kiel Bay and the Elbe estuary (from Holtenau to Brunsbüttelkog). The canal, which was built between 1887 and 1895, is open to merchant ships of all nations. It is 98.7 km long, 104 m wide at water level, and 44 m wide at the bottom. Its navigable channel is approximately 11.3 m deep. There are wider points along the canal to permit passing of ships in mid-channel. Locks at both entrances neutralize tidal changes. Work to modernize the canal is currently under way.

In 1969, 80,000 ships of 42.9 million tons net displacement passed through the canal; of that total, 28,000 ships of 27.6 million tons net displacement belonged to foreign powers. Cargo moving from west to east consists predominantly of piece goods, petroleum, petroleum products, ferrous metals, ores, and coal. Freight moving from east to west consists of piece goods, timber, coal, petroleum, and petroleum products. The Kiel Canal is 685 km shorter than the route through the straits of Denmark around Jutland Peninsula.

References in periodicals archive ?
provision and operation of a passenger ferry on the kiel canal between the kiel districts holtenau and wik.
Sailing through the Kiel Canal in Germany on the Marco Polo, left, Stockholm's archipelago, top, and Tallinn's beautiful old town in Estonia, below
The cruise travels through the Kiel Canal (Germany), to call at Ronne (Denmark), Klaipeda (Lithuania), Riga (Latvia), then an overnight stay at St Petersburg (Russia), Tallinn (Estonia), Stockholm (Sweden), and Visby (Sweden).
For many, the highlight of the cruise is an overnight in Tsarist St Petersburg before a transit of the famous Kiel Canal.
BALTIC EXPLORER: Voyages of Discovery (01444 46 2150) offers 12-night voyage on Baltic Explorer ex-Harwich Aug 24 to Korsor, Tallinn, St Petersburg, Gdynia, Warnemunde and Kiel Canal from pounds 998, saving pounds 941.
In Germany, the 61-mile Kiel Canal (officially Nord-Ostsee Kanal) slices through Schleswig-Holstein just south of the Danish border from the mouth of the River Elbe to the city of Kiel, shortening the distance between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.
Heligoland is a tiny island that lies 50 kilometres off the northern coast of Germany--to which it currently belongs--near the mouths of the Elbe and Weser rivers and the Kiel canal.
Steaming out of Dover, England, and into the North Sea, we transit the full length of the Kiel Canal, a shortcut to the Baltic Sea.
The seaport Cuxhaven is located at the mouth of the Elbe in the North Sea, with a short distance to the Kiel Canal, with lakeside short district drives and direct ship and inland waterway, waterway, road and rail connections to the port of Hamburg.
On the 12-night German Rivers trip leaving on August 1, Boudicca will sail through the Kiel Canal, arriving in Hamburg where you'll have two nights.
A transit of the Kiel Canal and the opportunity to join an excursion to ed Berlin from Warnemunde complete the voyage.
Sailing from Tilbury on MS Marco Polo Departs 12 May & 11 October 2015 These classic northern waters cruises feature some truly stunning ports of call -including the exquisite Danish capital Copenhagen, medieval Tallinn, Tsarist St Petersburg and Scandinavian gems Helsinki and Stockholm -as well as a transit of the famous Kiel Canal.