Kiel Canal

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Kiel Canal,

artificial waterway, 61 mi (98 km) long, in Schleswig-Holstein, N central Germany, connecting the North Sea with the Baltic Sea. At sea level, the canal extends from Kiel on the Baltic to Brunsbüttelkoog at the mouth of the Elbe River. Locks at each end of the canal minimize tidal variation. Built (1887–95) to facilitate movement of the German fleet, the Kiel Canal was widened and deepened from 1905 to 1914. Large oceangoing ships can pass through the canal. Because of its great military and commercial importance the canal was internationalized by the Treaty of Versailles (1919), though its direct administration was left with the Germans. Hitler repudiated its international status in 1936, but free navigation in the canal was returned after World War II. The canal is also known as the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal, for William II of Germany, and as the North Sea-Baltic Canal (Ger. Nord–Ostsee–Kanal). Today the canal is a major passage for shipping in the Baltic region.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kiel Canal


(also the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal), a maritime shipping canal linking the Baltic and North seas. It crosses West Germany between Kiel Bay and the Elbe estuary (from Holtenau to Brunsbüttelkog). The canal, which was built between 1887 and 1895, is open to merchant ships of all nations. It is 98.7 km long, 104 m wide at water level, and 44 m wide at the bottom. Its navigable channel is approximately 11.3 m deep. There are wider points along the canal to permit passing of ships in mid-channel. Locks at both entrances neutralize tidal changes. Work to modernize the canal is currently under way.

In 1969, 80,000 ships of 42.9 million tons net displacement passed through the canal; of that total, 28,000 ships of 27.6 million tons net displacement belonged to foreign powers. Cargo moving from west to east consists predominantly of piece goods, petroleum, petroleum products, ferrous metals, ores, and coal. Freight moving from east to west consists of piece goods, timber, coal, petroleum, and petroleum products. The Kiel Canal is 685 km shorter than the route through the straits of Denmark around Jutland Peninsula.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Major rail lines or highways cutting through neighbourhoods may be as impossible to cross as Professor Lamp once found the Kiel Canal. It is only via special installations, such as bridges or tunnels, that transverse access is possible.
OCEAN CRUISING 9 days from PS1099.00 Scandinavian Cities On board Magellan - Maiden Season from Tilbury Departs 10 July & 1 October 2015 These wonderful value cruises visitsome Scandinavian gems, including an overnights'tay in the wonderful Danish capital Copenhagen, plus visits to Aalborg, Swedish Helsingborg as well as colourful Hamburg and a passage through the famous Kiel Canal.
Ports of call include Stockholm, Helsinki, St Petersburg overnight stay and Tallinn with a transit of the Kiel Canal on the outward and return journeys.
In keeping with Compagnie du PonantOs signature of offering itineraries that visit lesser traveled locales only accessible to small ships, guests will also have an opportunity to explore Belle Ile-en-Mer, a secluded French island off the coast of Brittany which was a popular destination in the 19th century for artists like Claude Monet, Sarah Bernhardt and Albert Roussel; Sylt, the largest North Frisian island off the North Sea coast in Germany and its UNESCO World Heritage site Wadden Sea National Park; and experience the crossing of Kiel Canal, a 61-mile long canal that links the North Sea to the Baltic.
Petersburg (Russia) - for an another stopover - Karlskrona (Sweden), Copenhagen (Denmark) and Amsterdam (Netherlands), and featuring two daylight transits of the Kiel Canal.
frompounds 369.00 for 6 days SAVE pounds 400 per couple* Baltic Cities & St Petersburg on board Ocean Countess sailing from Liverpool 13 August 2012 This classic summertime cruise features some stunning Scandinavian capitals, including fjord-surrounded Oslo, wonderful, wonderful Copenhagen, elegant Helsinki, medieval gem Tallinn, and the island-studded city of Stockholm, as well as Tsarist St Petersburg, the glorious 'Venice of the North', and a transit of the famous Kiel Canal. Ocean Countess - Warm, friendly traditional cruising Popular with a generation of British cruise holidaymakers, the 17,500-tonne Ocean Countess, will mark her third season since returning to British waters and will be sailing on a series of departures from regional ports around the UK.
The cruise travels through the Kiel Canal (Germany), to call at Ronne (Denmark), Klaipeda (Lithuania), Riga (Latvia), then an overnight stay at St Petersburg (Russia), Tallinn (Estonia), Stockholm (Sweden), and Visby (Sweden).
The 25 voyages will visit six continents, 254 ports of call in 61 countries while crossing 14 seas and oceans, and transiting four canals -- Port Suez/Port Said (Suez Canal transit); Corinth Canal/Corinth (Mycenae/Nafplion); Kiel Canal; and the Panama Canal.
Quiz of the Day ANSWERS: 1 Countdown; 2 Before a meal; 3 Hellebores; 4 The Kiel Canal; 5 Rolf Harris; 6 The King And I; 7 A metre; 8 Chariots of Fire; 9 Aneurin Bevan; 10 Mike Tyson..
BALTIC EXPLORER: Voyages of Discovery (01444 46 2150) offers 12-night voyage on Baltic Explorer ex-Harwich Aug 24 to Korsor, Tallinn, St Petersburg, Gdynia, Warnemunde and Kiel Canal from pounds 998, saving pounds 941.
In Germany, the 61-mile Kiel Canal (officially Nord-Ostsee Kanal) slices through Schleswig-Holstein just south of the Danish border from the mouth of the River Elbe to the city of Kiel, shortening the distance between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.