The etiology and pathogenesis of Kienbock's disease. J Wrist Surg 2016; 5: 248-54.
Kienbock'S disease: recent advances in the basic science, assessment and treatment.
Kienbock's disease. Instr Course Lect.1992; 41: 45-53.
Wrist fusion versus limited carpal fusion in advanced Kienbock's disease. International Orthopaedics.2005;29: 355-358.
All subjects met the following inclusion criteria: (1) aged 18-65 years, (2) diagnosed with stage II or IIIa of Kienbock's disease according to the Lichtman criteria , (3) diagnosed with ulnar minus variance, and (4) providing written informed consent.
A total of 38 individuals who were clinically suspected to have Kienbock's disease were screened.
Numerous conservative and operative treatment modalities have been advocated for Kienbock's disease
ranging from immobilization to wrist arthrodesis.
The final diagnosis was Kienbock's disease
, three-millimeter ulnar-minus variant, and a ganglion cyst overlying the dorsal aspect of the distal ulna.
Lateral closing wedge osteotomy for treatment of Kienbock's disease
. Ann Hand Surg 1998;17:283-90.
Construct, and convergent validity as well as responsiveness of the PRWE have been evaluated in a various wrist populations, such as in patients with distal radius fractures or carpal fractures, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and Kienbock's disease
Primary results of Kienbock's disease
treated using balloon kyphoplasty system.
When it affects the carpal bones, as in our case, the differential diagnosis would broaden to include other causes of carpal bone sclerosis including kienbock's disease
, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic infections like tuberculosis, etc and often histopathology maybe required to rule out these conditions.