Kiir

Kiir

 

(Ray), the legal newspaper of the Bolshevik organization of Estland. The paper was published in Narva, in Estonian, from June 15 (28), 1912. At first it was published once a week. After Dec. 1, 1912, it was issued three times a week, and later, twice a week. Circulation, 2,200–4,000.

Constant persecution by the police forced the newspaper to change its name four times: Narva Kiir, Rahvaleht (People’s Newspaper), Töö Hääl (The Voice of Labor), and Too Kiir (The Ray of Labor). A total of 29 issues were confiscated and fined. The paper had 19 official editors in chief and eight publishers during a period of two years. In all, 228 issues were published. The editor of Kiir was J. Anvelt, and active participants included V. Kingissepp, H. Pöögelmann, and J. Käspert. At the end of 1913 the Bolshevik faction of the State Duma recognized the newspaper as a Bolshevik organ and began to give it material support. This decision was approved by the Central Committee of the RSDLP. Kiir was closed on July 12 (25), 1914, by a decree of the St. Petersburg Court of Law. Publication was resumed by its previous editors on Mar. 18 (31), 1917, in Revel. It was published daily as the organ of the North Baltic and Revel committees of the RSDLP (Bolshevik). The paper had a circulation of 10,000–12,000; 88 issues were published. It printed 30 of Lenin’s articles, speeches, and documents and the resolutions of the seventh (April) conference of the RSDLP (Bolshevik). The paper was closed by the Provisional Government on July 12 (25), 1917.

REFERENCE

Bol’shevistskaia periodicheskaia pechat’, 1900–1917. Moscow, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Born in 1951 to a Dinka family but not from the tribal branch to which John Garang belonged, Kiir in the late 1960s joined the Anya Nya in the first Sudanese North-South war.
February 14, 2018 (JUBA) -- A South Sudanese human rights body wants the new Transitional Government of National Unity to exclude the incumbent President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar
MIRPUR -- Non-profit organisation Kashmir Institute of International Relations (KIIR) celebrated completion of five-years of women empowerment initiatives, KIIR spokesperson told media here on Thursday.
UNITED NATIONS, Shawwal 21, 1437, July 26, 2016, SPA -- The United Nations warned South Sudan's President Salva Kiir on Tuesday that any political appointments must be consistent with a peace deal that ended nearly two years of civil war after Kiir replaced his vice president and rival Riek Machar, according to Reuters.
3 (SUNA) -President -elected Omer Bashhir on Sunday received a congratulatory cable from the President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit, on the occasion of his winning presidential election race, gaining a new term in the presidency.
Egyptian President, Abel-Fattah al-Sisi is meeting with his South Sudanese counterpart, Salva Kiir, where the 2 countries will sign 5 mutual cooperation agreements.
TEHRAN (FNA)- South Sudan President Salva Kiir on Wednesday urged Rebel Chief Riek Machar to restart talks to end a raging civil war between their forces that has driven the country to the brink of famine.
Machar had reportedly made it clear that he intended to challenge Kiir for the presidency in the next elections, scheduled for 2015.
Summary: Southern Sudan's president, Salva Kiir Mayardit on Thursday denied the existence of relations between the south and Israel.
Salva Kiir, South Sudan's president, gave his strongest hint yet that he would vote to declare independence from the north in a looming referendum, stoking tensions 100 days ahead of the sensitive plebiscite.
Salva Kiir Launches Bid to Become South Sudan's New President
President Bush to Meet with Salva Kiir, First Vice President of the Government of National Unity and President of the Government of Southern Sudan