Kikuyu


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Kikuyu: Kikuyu grass

Kikuyu

(kĭko͞o`yo͞o), Bantu-speaking people, numbering about 6 million, forming the largest tribal group in Kenya. The Kikuyu live in the highlands NE of Nairobi. Before the British conquest they were the most influential people in the country. During the 1950s, under the leadership of Jomo KenyattaKenyatta, Jomo
, 1893?–1978, African political leader, first president of Kenya (1964–78). A Kikuyu, he was one of the earliest and best-known African nationalist leaders.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the Kikuyu fought the British colonialists in what was known as the Mau Mau Emergency. Although the Kikuyu traditionally lived in separate family homesteads, most were moved into villages during the rebellion. After the removal of the colonists, a large number chose to remain in the villages. The Kikuyu economy centers mainly around agriculture, with little or no hunting or fishing.

Bibliography

See H. E. Lambert, Kikuyu Social and Political Institutions (1956, repr. 1965); R. M. Gatheru, Child of Two Worlds (1964, repr. 1972); J. Davison, Voices from Mutira (1989).

Kikuyu

 

(Akikuyu, Giguyu), a people inhabiting central Kenya. They number 2.2 million (1969, census) and speak the Kikuyu language. The Meru (554,000), Embu (118,000), and Mbere (49,000) are related to the Kikuyu in language and culture. According to legend the Kikuyu came from the east (northeast of the Tan River) about the 16th century. Christianity is widespread, along with traditional beliefs. The Kikuyu are mainly agriculturalists, raising coffee for export. A working class is emerging, and the ranks of the national bourgeoisie and intelligentsia are growing.

REFERENCES

Middleton, J. The Central Tribes of the North-Eastern Bantu (The Kikuyu . . . ). London, 1953.
Kenyatta, J. Facing Mount Kenya. New York, 1962.

Kikuyu

 

(Giguyu), the language of the Kikuyu people of central Kenya. Kikuyu, a Bantu language, is spoken by 2.7 million people (1970, estimate). The phonetic system is characterized by interdental consonants: voiced ð and voiceless λ; the Dahl law of the dissimilation of consonants is applicable to Kikuyu. A characteristic morphological feature is the relatively complete system of nominal classes (16). The class prefixes are monosyllabic. In addition to the three conventional locative classes with the prefixes pa-, ku-, and mu-, the locative prefix e- is used. Word order is subject-predicate-object, and class agreement is strictly observed at the syntactic level.

REFERENCES

Doke, C. M. Bantu: Modern Grammatical, Phonetical and Lexicographical Studies Since 1860. London, 1945.
Armstrong, L. Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu. London, 1940.
Gecaga, B. M., and W. H. Kirkaldy-Willis. English-Kikuyu and Kikuyu-English Vocabulary. Nairobi-Kampala, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
Consequently, Ms Ngilu was summoned to appear before the National Cohesion and Integration Commission (NCIC) for questioning after she was accused of inciting her community against the Kikuyu.
A national youth employment programme, for example, exists only on the Kikuyu side of the bridge.
But a shocker awaited the disenfranchised Kikuyus when Chief Justice Sir Jacob Barth dismissed their case with this rider: "In my view the effect of the Crown Lands Ordinance 1915 and the Kenya (Annexation) Order in Council 1920 by which no native rights are reserved, and the Kenya Colony Order in Council 1921, as I have already stated, is clearly inter alia to vest land reserved for the use of the native tribe in the Crown.
With respect to the effect on nitrate concentrations, there was a significant (p [less than or equal to] 0,05) effect of urea application rates and a positive dose vs time interaction (p [less than or equal to] 0,05) on the overall concentration of nitrate in Kikuyu grass samples.
In their reports of the Kikuyu Conference, the CMS representatives were anxious to point out that they had never intended "an immediate union either of missionary societies or of native Churches," knowing that such a plan would be "open to criticisms of haste and precipitancy" and would cut them off from their denominations back home and from the missionary societies that had sent them.
Known as the "Mau Mau" and made up predominately of members of the Kikuyu tribe, they attacked plantations, police stations and army barracks to obtain weapons.
The author says he/she supports the call by a prominent politician from the Kikuyu ethnic community: Maina Kamanda).
Hatred is a virus, a social virus," added Muthufara Morunganu, a Kikuyu living in Mathare.
The ICC accuses him of directing youth from his Kikuyu ethnic community to fight Odinga's Luo kinsmen during the 2007/2008 bloodletting.
The snowy white Kikuyu colobus monkey was born Nov.
Haki is a Kikuyu boy who sells vegetables planted and tended by Kikuyu farmers.