Kiliani reaction

Kiliani reaction

[‚kil·ē′an·ē rē‚ak·shən]
(organic chemistry)
A method of synthesizing a higher aldose from a lower aldose; monosaccharides, such as aldehydes and ketones, react with hydrogen cyanide to form cyanohydrins, which are hydrolyzed to hydroxy acids, converted to lactones, and reduced to aldoses with sodium amalgams.