Kilimanjaro


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Kilimanjaro

(kĭl'ĭmənjä`rō), highest mountain of Africa, NE Tanzania. An extinct volcano, it rises in two peaks, Uhuru (Kibo; 19,340 ft/5,895 m, Africa's highest point) and Mawenzi (17,564 ft/5,354 m), which are joined by a broad saddle (alt. c.15,000 ft/4,600 m). The mountaintop is noted for its snowcap, but the area covered by snow has decreased sharply since the early 1990s. Coffee and plantains are the chief crops raised on Kilimanjaro's intensively cultivated lower southern slopes. Tourism from mountain climbing has become an important source of revenue.

Kilimanjaro

 

(in Swahili, “mountain of the god of cold”; according to another version, “sparkling mountain”), a volcanic massif in East Africa, in Tanzania, reaching an elevation of 5,895 m, the highest point on the continent. It was formed from the merger of three now extinct volcanoes: Kibo (5,895 m), Mawensi (5,355 m), and Shira (4,006 m). Kibo’s crater, up to 2.5 km wide and up to 180 m deep, has an inner cone with a relative height of about 580 m and a crater more than 800 m wide. Kilimanjaro is composed mainly of trachybasalts and phonolites. On the humid southern and southwestern slopes, at an elevation of about 3,100 m, annual precipitation ranges from 1,000 to 3,000 mm. From the foothills to 1,000 m, the slopes are covered with savannas, and coffee and banana plantations, growing on the site of cut forests, are found to 1,800 m. Tropical rain forests with epiphytes and ferns extend to 3,100 m, tropical alpine vegetation (paramos) is found to 4,200 m, and xerophytic pulvinate grasses grow to 4,800 m. Above 4,800 m are lava fields, and on the crests, glacial relief forms predominate, with glaciers descending as far as 4,300 m on the western slopes.

Kilimanjaro

a volcanic massif in N Tanzania: the highest peak in Africa; extends from east to west for 80 km (50 miles). Height: 5895 m (19 340 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
She was one of the group dubbed the Kilimanjaro Nine, as if they were wanted for some sort of spectacular heist.
Kilimanjaro There are plenty of highs and lows, from an amazing welcome by locals at base camp, to the inexperienced climbers struggling with extreme temperatures and debilitating altitude sickness.
Kilimanjaro, the tallest free-standing mountain on earth, is located inside the Kilimanjaro National Park of Tanzania.
She trained for the Kilimanjaro trek in an environmental chamber at the University of the West of Scotland, which replicates environmental extremes.
His zeal to climb Kilimanjaro was meant to create awareness of benefits of wearing helmets, Tukaram said.
"Also for corporate sponsorship I have an Irish flag, on which I will print the company's logo and take a photo with at the summit of Kilimanjaro.
The 13-day Mt Everest challenge will be organised in April while the 11-day Mt Kilimanjaro contest will be held in July.
The aircraft touched down at 07:45 (Kilimanjaro local time) and on board the flight was a delegation led by Sudhir Sreedharan, Senior Vice President, Commercial Operations (GCC, Subcontinent and Africa) for flydubai.
Flydubai's inaugural flight to Kilimanjaro touched down today at Kilimanjaro International Airport on Friday, increasing capacity to Tanzania and further expanding its network in Africa to 12 destinations.
Kilimanjaro will be served with six flights a week three of which are via a stop in the capital, Dar es Salaam.
This was totally different to the Kilimanjaro experience.