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an agreement reached in 1882 between the British Liberal government of W. Gladstone and the leader of the Irish Home Rule party, C. Parnell, who was in the Kilmainham jail (near Dublin). For certain concessions obtained from the government, Parnell pledged to use his influence to end agrarian disturbances. The British government released Irish leaders from prison and replaced the most odious colonial officials. The Kilmainham Treaty marked the turning of the bourgeois Home Rule supporters away from alliance with the peasant masses toward a policy of accommodation with the British ruling circles.