Kim Dae Jung

(redirected from Kim Dae-Jung)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Kim Dae Jung

(kĭm dā jo͝ong), 1924–2009, president (1998–2003) of South Korea. A native of South Jeolla prov., Kim was a long-time campaigner for increased democracy and a writer on international issues. He was elected to the national legislature in 1961 and a decade later first ran for president as leader of the opposition to President Park Chung HeePark Chung Hee
, 1917–79, president (1963–79) of the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Starting (1940) his military career in the Japanese army, he joined the new South Korean army after the establishment of Korean independence at the end of World War II and rose
..... Click the link for more information.
. In 1973, while he was in Japan, he was kidnapped by South Korea's spy agency and taken back to Seoul. From the mid-1970s through the mid-80s he spent much time either in prison or in exile in the United States. After returning to Korea in 1985, he again ran unsuccessfully for president in 1987 and 1992. In the midst of a financial crisis in 1997, he finally won the presidency, succeeding Kim Young SamKim Young Sam,
1927–2015, South Korean political leader, b. Gyeongsang prov. He was first elected to the National Assembly in 1954 and served nine terms. A long-time political dissident and opponent of military rule, he was banned from politics from 1980 to 1985 and was
..... Click the link for more information.
. Kim worked to reform and revive the economy and sought improved relations with North Korea, calling for an easing of U.S. policy toward it and traveling in 2000 to the North for a historic summit with Kim Jong Il (see under Kim Il SungKim Il Sung
, 1912–94, North Korean political leader, chief of state of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (1948–94); originally named Kim Sung Chu. While fighting Japanese occupation forces in the 1930s, he adopted the name Kim Il Sung after a famous Korean
..... Click the link for more information.
). For his efforts to promote democracy and human rights as well as to open ties with North Korea, Kim was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (2000). The failure of the North to honor its pledges, a slowing economy, and a series of corruption scandals, including ones involving his sons, subsequently hurt Kim politically. His reputation was further damaged when it was revealed in Feb., 2003, that his summit with Kim Jong Il might have been due in part to payment of $186 million to the North.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
The council is aimed at upholding Kim Dae-jung's policy of engagement and reconciliation, in line with the first-ever inter-Korean summit between Kim Dae-jung and then-North Korean leader Kim Jong-il in Pyongyang on June 15, 2000.
The Koreas held their second summit in October 2007 between Kim Jong Il and Roh Moo-hyun, Kim Dae-jung's liberal successor and the political mentor of current South Korean President Moon.
North Korea's leader Kim Jong-il surprised the world with a rare foray into the international spotlight by personally going to the airport to greet President Kim Dae-jung on June 13.
Compiled and edited by Han Sang-Jin (Professor Emeritus at Seoul National University and Distinguished Visiting Professor at Peking University), "Asian Tradition and Cosmopolitan Politics: Dialogue with Kim Dae-jung" is a collection of texts by Kim Dae-jung, along with contributions by other authors including the late former President of the Federal Republic of Germany, Richard von Weizsacker.
Former President Kim Dae-jung was widely admired by Pyongyang for his efforts to reconcile the two nations when he served as president from 1998 to 2003.
Kim Dae-jung's engagement policy and aid to the impoverished North during his 1998-2003 presidency earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000 and he held a landmark summit with Kim Jong-il the same year.
Lee abandoned the "sunshine" aid and engagement policy towards the North pioneered by Kim Dae-Jung and continued by Kim s successor.
Kim Dae-Jung, politician; born, January 6, 1924, died, August 17, 2009
His successor, the late President Roh Moo-hyun, maintained the sunshine policy but Kim Dae-jung saw his work unravel with the election of conservative president Lee Myung-bak in 2007.
Just released documents show that Pope John Paul II intervened to save the life of Kim Dae-Jung, an agitator for democracy who led grass-roots opposition to South Korean military dictatorships.
The Koreas held their first-ever summit in June 2000 between the former South Korean President Kim Dae-jung and North Korean leader Kim, leading to rapprochement and reconciliation.