Kim Il Sung


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Kim Il Sung: Kim Jong Il

Kim Il Sung

(kĭm ĭl so͝ong), 1912–94, North Korean political leader, chief of state of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (1948–94); originally named Kim Sung Chu. While fighting Japanese occupation forces in the 1930s, he adopted the name Kim Il Sung after a famous Korean guerrilla leader of the early 20th cent. He was trained in Moscow before World War II, and in 1945 he became chairman of the Soviet-sponsored People's Committee of North Korea (later the Korean Workers' party). In 1948, when the People's Republic was established, he became its first premier. Between 1950 and 1953 he led his nation in the Korean WarKorean War,
conflict between Communist and non-Communist forces in Korea from June 25, 1950, to July 27, 1953. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel into Soviet (North Korean) and U.S. (South Korean) zones of occupation.
..... Click the link for more information.
. In 1972 the "Great Leader" relinquished the premiership but retained his position as North Korea's leader by assuming the presidency under a revised constitution. Under his rule, North Korea increased its military forces, embarked on a program of industrialization, and maintained close relations with both China and the Soviet Union.

His son, Kim Jong Il (kĭm jông ĭl), 1941?–2011, was groomed as his successor. Active in the Korean Workers' party leadership from 1964, Kim Jong Il became secretary of its central committee in 1973. In 1991 he was appointed supreme commander of the armed forces. Upon his father's death, Kim Jong Il took over leadership of the country. He was named secretary of the Communist party in 1997 and consolidated his power with the title of National Defense Commission chairman in 1998. Although Kim established relations with a number of Western nations, easing the North's diplomatic isolation, and hosted meetings with South Korean presidents Kim Dae JungKim Dae Jung
, 1924–2009, president (1998–2003) of South Korea. A native of South Jeolla prov., Kim was a long-time campaigner for increased democracy and a writer on international issues.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (2000) and Roh Moo HyunRoh Moo Hyun
, 1946–2009, South Korean politician, president (2003–8) of South Korea. A self-educated lawyer who defended antigovernment activists in the early 1980s, he was elected to the national assembly in 1988 and served on the special committee investigating
..... Click the link for more information.
 (2007), he did not reciprocate with a visit to the South, and the North developed nuclear weapons and provoked international crises to win desperately needed food and other aid.

In 2010, due to ill health, the "Dear Leader" moved to secure the succession for his youngest son, Kim Jong Un, 1984?–, whose name is sometimes transliterated Kim Jong Eun. He attended school in Switzerland and Kim Il Sung Military Univ. (2002–7), but was largely unseen in public until 2009, when he was named to the National Defense Commission and appointed chief of the State Security Dept. In 2010 he was promoted to four-star general and shortly afterward named to the Workers' party central committee and became vice chairman of its central military commission. He was named to succeed his father when the latter died in 2011, and officially became first secretary of the party and its central military commission as well as chairman of the National Defense Commission (reconstituted as the State Affairs Commission, 2016) in 2012; later that year he was made a marshal. In 2016 he was named party chairman. He purged and executed a number of high-ranking officials in subsequent years. He also has moved forward aggressively to develop the country's nuclear weapons and missile technologies and encouraged economic growth through the tolerance of limited market-oriented changes. He was formally recognized head of state in 2019 and named party general secretary in 2021.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Kim Il Sung

1912--94, North Korean statesman and marshal; prime minister (1948--72) and president (1972--94) of North Korea
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The last time the 10 principles were amended was in April 1974 when Kim Jong Il was appointed successor to Kim Il Sung.
The collapse of the Berlin Wall and the death of Kim Il Sung marks the beginning of the "era of Kim Jong Il," which is soon followed by the "Great North Korean Famine" of the late 1990s as Pyongyang increased its dependence on using the nuclear weapons card to solicit aid and guide its foreign policy.
Kim Jong Un visited the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, a mausoleum for Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il in Pyongyang, midnight Tuesday and observed a moment of silence before portraits of his father and grandfather, according to the official Korean Central News Agency.
Kim Il Sung, the founder of North Korea, died of heart failure on July 8, 1994 at the age of 82.
The Soviets, however, refused to participate and instead installed a Communist puppet regime in the North, headed by Kim Il Sung, who had lived in exile in Russia during World War II.
The decision to hold the events, likely to be state-sponsored, for Kim's birthday on April 15 next year was broadcast by the media when the matter was mentioned in the agenda of the 22nd general assembly of the Kim Il Sung Socialist Youth League.
Briefed on June 5 by Gallucci, who was sent to Plains, Ga., for that purpose, Carter learned to his dismay that there was no American plan for direct contact with Kim Il Sung. He immediately dispatched a letter to Clinton telling him that he had decided to go to Pyongyang in view of the dangers at hand.
North Korea marked the 19th anniversary of the death of its founder Kim Il Sung on Monday.
On July 8, KCNA reported Kim Jong Un, together with Choe and Ri, visited the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, the mausoleum of his grandfather and state founder Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il in Pyongyang, to pay tribute to Kim Il Sung as the country marked the 18th anniversary of his death.
His article, the third published since April, is titled: "The great Comrade Kim Il Sung is the eternal leader of our party and people."
And in the city of Hamhung, a Manchurian crane circled a statue of 69-year-old Kim's father, the late President Kim Il Sung, before alighting on a tree, its head drooping before it took off towards Pyongyang.
He is believed to be 27 or 28, and is said to have been schooled in Switzerland and educated at Kim Il Sung Military University in Pyongyang.