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a religious and anticolonial movement in tropical Africa from the 1920’s to the 1950’s. It was named after Simon Kimbangu (1889–1951), who in 1921 founded a Christian sect in the Belgian Congo (present-day Republic of Zaire).

Kimbanguism combined faith in a black Messiah—whose coming would usher in a reign of freedom and justice under which Africans would become masters of their land—with a refusal to pay taxes and duties and to work for the colonialists. After Kimbangu’s arrest in the fall of 1921 (he died in prison in 1951), similar movements arose in the Congo and neighboring countries, such as those led by André Matsoua in the 1930’s and 1940’s and by Simon Mpadi (known as the blacks’ mission) in the 1930’s and the Kitawala sect of the 1940’s and 1950’s. The anticolonial orientation of Kimbanguism allied it with the national liberation movement. Kimbanguism has survived in Zaire as a religious sect.


Sharevskaia, B. I. Starye i novye religii Tropicheskoi i Iuzhnoi Afriki. Moscow, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
It has been only recently that Kimbanguism has become a non-possessive religion, one in which only severely disciplined and acutely ordered body gestures are to be accepted.
The latter culminated in the creation of the widespread independent church known as Kimbanguism, which has proclaimed Kimbangu himself God and, more precisely, the Holy Spirit in their version of the Christian Trinity.
The most popular of these sects, Kimbanguism, was seen as a threat to the colonial regime and was banned by the Belgians.
Independent religious movements, including Kimbanguism in Zaire, the Lumpa Church of Alice Lenshina in Zambia, and the Zionist churches in South Africa, are all situated within their social contexts.
While retaining many elements of Christianity, Kimbanguism also recognizes its founder (Simon Kimbangu) as a prophet and incorporates African traditional beliefs, such as ancestor worship.
Anticolonial sentiment among the masses often took the form of religious exaltation: Kimbanguism in the Belgian Congo, the Maji Maji rebellion of Tanganyika, followers of the Mahdi in the Sudan.
1994, Kimbanguism &the Question of Syncretism in Zaire : 241-256, in T.
African Messianisms -- like Kimbanguism at its start -- cross these two visions of transcendence.
From this perspective he can link, in an imaginative and stimulating treatment, such seemingly disparate phenomenon as Zionism and Aladura, Kimbanguism, Rhodesia's Rukwadzanos, Uganda's Balokole movement, and Jamaa in Zaire.
First, it led to the state oppressing a number of therapeutic insurgencies that caused it alarm, notably Kimbanguism and Kitawala, and subsequently to it finding nefarious means of disciplining subjects suspected of involvement in them.
Shank, "An Indigenous Church Comes of Age: Kimbanguism," Mennonite Life 27 (June 1972): 53-55.
the land which the LORD your God giveth you": two churches founded by African migrants in Oststadt, Germany, 265-278; Dapo Asaju, Colonial politicization of religion: residual effects on the ministry of African-led churches in Britain, 279-292; Herbert Griffiths, The implication of mission from a Black Seventh-day Adventist perspective, with reference to Britain, the Caribbean and Africa, 293-303; Aurdlien Mokoko Gampiot, Kimbanguism as a migrants' religion in Europe, 304-313; Alle G.