Kimbanguism


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kimbanguism

 

a religious and anticolonial movement in tropical Africa from the 1920’s to the 1950’s. It was named after Simon Kimbangu (1889–1951), who in 1921 founded a Christian sect in the Belgian Congo (present-day Republic of Zaire).

Kimbanguism combined faith in a black Messiah—whose coming would usher in a reign of freedom and justice under which Africans would become masters of their land—with a refusal to pay taxes and duties and to work for the colonialists. After Kimbangu’s arrest in the fall of 1921 (he died in prison in 1951), similar movements arose in the Congo and neighboring countries, such as those led by André Matsoua in the 1930’s and 1940’s and by Simon Mpadi (known as the blacks’ mission) in the 1930’s and the Kitawala sect of the 1940’s and 1950’s. The anticolonial orientation of Kimbanguism allied it with the national liberation movement. Kimbanguism has survived in Zaire as a religious sect.

REFERENCES

Sharevskaia, B. I. Starye i novye religii Tropicheskoi i Iuzhnoi Afriki. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Secondly, there has been a (highly publicized) phenomenon of the explicit and belated divinization of the founding prophets who are now presented as "incarnations" of God--for example, Oshoffa (Celestial Church of Christ) and Simon Kimbangu (Kimbanguism)--a development that has caused tensions with the WCC and several traditional churches.
The book has updated debates about spirit possession too, especially in relation to Kimbanguism. Because Kimbanguists today reject spirit possession, some scholars have argued that the recent phenomena of spiritual seizure found among Kimbanguists in Kinshasa and other urban centres must be due to influence from Pentecostal churches.
The latter culminated in the creation of the widespread independent church known as Kimbanguism, which has proclaimed Kimbangu himself God and, more precisely, the Holy Spirit in their version of the Christian Trinity.
(20.) Aurelien Mokoko Gampiot, "Kimbanguism as a Migrant's Religion in Europe," in Christianity in Africa and the African Diaspora: The Appropriation of a Scattered Heritage, ed.
The most popular of these sects, Kimbanguism, was seen as a threat to the colonial regime and was banned by the Belgians.
Independent religious movements, including Kimbanguism in Zaire, the Lumpa Church of Alice Lenshina in Zambia, and the Zionist churches in South Africa, are all situated within their social contexts.
A small minority of Christians practice Kimbanguism, a syncretistic movement that originated in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Anticolonial sentiment among the masses often took the form of religious exaltation: Kimbanguism in the Belgian Congo, the Maji Maji rebellion of Tanganyika, followers of the Mahdi in the Sudan.
African Messianisms -- like Kimbanguism at its start -- cross these two visions of transcendence.
From this perspective he can link, in an imaginative and stimulating treatment, such seemingly disparate phenomenon as Zionism and Aladura, Kimbanguism, Rhodesia's Rukwadzanos, Uganda's Balokole movement, and Jamaa in Zaire.