Kimbanguism

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Kimbanguism

 

a religious and anticolonial movement in tropical Africa from the 1920’s to the 1950’s. It was named after Simon Kimbangu (1889–1951), who in 1921 founded a Christian sect in the Belgian Congo (present-day Republic of Zaire).

Kimbanguism combined faith in a black Messiah—whose coming would usher in a reign of freedom and justice under which Africans would become masters of their land—with a refusal to pay taxes and duties and to work for the colonialists. After Kimbangu’s arrest in the fall of 1921 (he died in prison in 1951), similar movements arose in the Congo and neighboring countries, such as those led by André Matsoua in the 1930’s and 1940’s and by Simon Mpadi (known as the blacks’ mission) in the 1930’s and the Kitawala sect of the 1940’s and 1950’s. The anticolonial orientation of Kimbanguism allied it with the national liberation movement. Kimbanguism has survived in Zaire as a religious sect.

REFERENCES

Sharevskaia, B. I. Starye i novye religii Tropicheskoi i Iuzhnoi Afriki. Moscow, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Together with AACC, OAIC, representatives of Congolese churches, and a large delegation of the Kimbanguist Church, we looked together for a way to address the pending concerns for our unity and the so-called popular theology within the Kimbanguist Church.
The Church of Jesus Christ on Earth, popularly known as the Kimbanguist Church, which was established through Prophet Simon Kimbangu in 1921 in what was then the Belgian Congo, now has congregations in thirty countries, including Portugal, France, Spain, Belgium, England, Switzerland, the United States, and Canada.
Diangienda, 46, is a grandson of Simon Kimbangu, founder of the Kimbanguist church, which claims about 10 million followers in the Democratic Republic of Congo's population of 60 million.
Indigenous Christian movements include the Kimbanguist church, which came into being in 1921 in what was then the Belgian Congo, now the Democratic Republic of Congo; the Musama Disco Christo Church (MDCC), which started around 1922 in Gold Coast, the present Ghana; several other African Independent Churches (AICs); (15) the Hindu Church of the Lord Jesus, founded in 1858; the Calcutta Christo Samaj, founded in 1887; the National Church of Madras, founded around 1887 in India; (16) Mukyokai, "We-Need-No-Church-Principle" (No-Church), a movement attributed to Kanzo Uchimura (1861-1930) of Japan; (17) and the China Christian Council with its compatriot "Three Self Movement.
The largest syncretic religious group was the Kimbanguist Church, whose followers believe that mid-twentieth century Congolese pastor Joseph Kimbangu was a prophet.
The catechism of the Kimbanguist Church (in the Democratic Republic of the Congo) begins by asking, "Who created the world and what it contains?
71) The most familiar names among African Independent Churches (AIC) are the Kimbanguist Church of the Congo area, founded by Simon Kimbangu in the first half of the 20th century, the Harrist movement in the Ivory Coast, and the Church of the Lord (Aladura) in Nigeria.
In his campaign, Mobutu seemed more sympathetic to the Kimbanguist Church, which had been banned by the Belgians during the colonial period.
After a very careful assessment of these experiences and the most recent official pronouncements by the Kimbanguist leaders, we can only conclude that the Kimbanguist Church is excluding itself from the fellowship as long as its leaders continue to pursue statements and conduct their services in ways that are incompatible with the doctrine of the Holy Trinity.
In addition to its African presence, the Congolese Kimbanguist church, l'Eglise de Jesus Christ sur la Terre par son Envoye Special Simon Kimbangu, is active in Spain, Portugal, France, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, and England.
The largest syncretic religious group is the Kimbanguist Church, whose followers believe that mid-20th century Congolese pastor Joseph Kimbangu was a prophet.
Examples are the Celestial Church of Christ Worldwide, the Church of the Lord -- Aladura, the Redeemed Christian Church of God, the Church of Pentecost International, and the Kimbanguist Church.