Kimberley


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Related to Kimberley: Kimberley Process

Kimberley

(kĭm`bərlē), town (1991 pop. 6,531), SE British Columbia, Canada. Canada's highest city (3,660 ft/1,115 m), it is the site of the Sullivan mine, where large quantities of silver, lead, and zinc are mined.

Kimberley,

geographical area, c.139,000 sq mi (360,010 sq km), Western Australia, NW Australia. The Kimberley Goldfield was the site (1882) of the first major Western Australian gold strike. Cattle and sheep raising are important industries and the region contains four national parks.

Kimberley

(kĭm`bərlē), city, now part and seat of Sol Plaatje local municipality, Northern Cape prov., South Africa. Since the 19th cent. the city has been primarily a diamond-mining center, but underground mining, which had not been profitable for some time, was halted in mid-2005. The mine's tailings dumps continue to be processed, and textiles, construction materials, and machinery are manufactured. Kimberley is also an important railroad junction.

The city was founded in 1871 when diamonds were discovered on a nearby farm. The De Beers Consolidated Mines, organized by Cecil RhodesRhodes, Cecil John
, 1853–1902, British imperialist and business magnate. Business Career

The son of a Hertfordshire clergyman, he first went to South Africa in 1870, joining his oldest brother, Herbert, on a cotton plantation in Natal.
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, assumed control of the diamond fields in 1888, and its headquarters are still in Kimberley. In 1899–1900, during the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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, the city was besieged for 124 days by BoerBoer
[Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape Province.
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 (Afrikaner) forces. Northern Cape Urban FET College and the McGregor Museum are in Kimberley.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kimberley

 

a city in the Republic of South Africa, in the northern Cape of Good Hope province. Population, 96,200 (1968; the majority are African and mulatto). Railroad junction. The city was founded in 1871 in connection with the opening of diamond mines. It is a major center for the mining and processing of diamonds. Other industries include metalworking and the manufacture of cement; there are furniture and garment factories and brick-works. Manganese ore, asbestos, and gypsum are mined nearby. A technical college is located in Kimberley. There is also an airport.


Kimberley

 

a plateau in northwestern Australia, composed of ancient crystalline rocks and sandstones (the eastern part is composed of basalt). The surface has eroded into separate plateaus and ranges, which reach an altitude of 936 m at Ord Mountain. The climate is subequatorial, with wet summers. In the north there are eucalyptus evergreen woodlands; there are denser forests in the river valleys. In the south, sparse desert vegetation predominates; cereals and shrubs grow in the sandy areas.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Kimberley

1. a city in central South Africa; the capital of Northern Cape province: besieged (1899--1900) for 126 days during the Boer War; diamond-mining and -marketing centre, with heavy engineering works. Pop.: 62 526 (2001)
2. a plateau region of NW Australia, in N Western Australia: consists of rugged mountains surrounded by grassland. Area: about 360 000 sq. km (140 000 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Kimberley had last been seen leaving an address in the West End at about 9.30pm on July 13 before getting into a car nearby.
India is one of the founder members of Kimberley Process Certification Scheme and is the Chair of Kimberley Process for 2019 with the Russian Federation as Vice Chair.
Edgbaston-born Kimberley was appointed Villa academy manager in 2014 after Bryan Jones' retirement.
Nicholas Cockrell, prosecuting, said Kayleigh, 22, shouted at the victim: "You f***ing P***, why don't you go back to your country?" The mum-of-two then hit him twice over the head with her handbag, as Kimberley grabbed his left leg and sank her teeth into his calf.
Remarkably, just 30 minutes earlier, Kimberley had been on the phone to her mum, who had talked about how her own waters had broken as she was putting the washing in while pregnant with Kimberley.
Aboriginal people came from across the Kimberley to support the blockade, and in May 1978 the KLC was formed to take up the fight for land rights in the region.
Owen presents readers with a comprehensive examination of the history of policing practices in the Kimberley Frontier of Western Australia from the eighteen eighties through the beginning of the twentieth century.
The Kimberley Process is comprised of governments, businesses, NGOs and public individuals (more than 80 countries are participating) with the initiative to prevent situations where governments are threatened by rebellious groups gaining access to weapons from the sale of conflict diamonds.
The respective operations comprise Petra's Kimberley Underground mines (via its subsidiary Crown Resources Ltd); Ekapa Mining's tailings operations (via its subsidiaries Super Stone Mining Ltd ("Super Stone Mining"), and Kimberley Miners Forum Ltd); and Kimberley Mines tailings operations (via Ekapa Minerals Ltd owned 50.1% Ekapa Mining and 49.9% Petra).