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Kimberley,geographical area, c.139,000 sq mi (360,010 sq km), Western Australia, NW Australia. The Kimberley Goldfield was the site (1882) of the first major Western Australian gold strike. Cattle and sheep raising are important industries and the region contains four national parks.
Kimberley(kĭm`bərlē), town (1991 pop. 6,531), SE British Columbia, Canada. Canada's highest city (3,660 ft/1,115 m), it is the site of the Sullivan mine, where large quantities of silver, lead, and zinc are mined.
Kimberley(kĭm`bərlē), city, now part and seat of Sol Plaatje local municipality, Northern Cape prov., South Africa. Since the 19th cent. the city has been primarily a diamond-mining center, but underground mining, which had not been profitable for some time, was halted in mid-2005. The mine's tailings dumps continue to be processed, and textiles, construction materials, and machinery are manufactured. Kimberley is also an important railroad junction.
The city was founded in 1871 when diamonds were discovered on a nearby farm. The De Beers Consolidated Mines, organized by Cecil RhodesRhodes, Cecil John
, 1853–1902, British imperialist and business magnate. Business Career
The son of a Hertfordshire clergyman, he first went to South Africa in 1870, joining his oldest brother, Herbert, on a cotton plantation in Natal.
..... Click the link for more information. , assumed control of the diamond fields in 1888, and its headquarters are still in Kimberley. In 1899–1900, during the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
..... Click the link for more information. , the city was besieged for 124 days by BoerBoer
[Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape Province.
..... Click the link for more information. (Afrikaner) forces. Northern Cape Urban FET College and the McGregor Museum are in Kimberley.
a city in the Republic of South Africa, in the northern Cape of Good Hope province. Population, 96,200 (1968; the majority are African and mulatto). Railroad junction. The city was founded in 1871 in connection with the opening of diamond mines. It is a major center for the mining and processing of diamonds. Other industries include metalworking and the manufacture of cement; there are furniture and garment factories and brick-works. Manganese ore, asbestos, and gypsum are mined nearby. A technical college is located in Kimberley. There is also an airport.
a plateau in northwestern Australia, composed of ancient crystalline rocks and sandstones (the eastern part is composed of basalt). The surface has eroded into separate plateaus and ranges, which reach an altitude of 936 m at Ord Mountain. The climate is subequatorial, with wet summers. In the north there are eucalyptus evergreen woodlands; there are denser forests in the river valleys. In the south, sparse desert vegetation predominates; cereals and shrubs grow in the sandy areas.